Vision is considered clear and normal as long as the eyes are healthy. Changes may occur in vision if the eye health deteriorates. One of the most common eye health issues is difficulty in being able to see clearly.
One might experience blurred vision, double vision, sensitivity to light, or see halos around light sources as a symptom of an eye condition. If you notice any such changes in your vision, it is time to consult an eye specialist.
Keep your eyes healthy with one of the top eye hospitals in Kolkata
Disha Eye Hospitals are a family of a highly-qualified eye care team, dedicated to ensuring the best eye care for patients. Schedule an appointment with one of our eye specialists at http://www.dishaeye.org/organic/ and get your vision-related symptoms accurately diagnosed.
Here’s a list of eye complications that commonly cause visual disturbances:
1) Macular Degeneration
Macular Degeneration occurs when the macula, the central part of the retina, starts deteriorating. Macular Degeneration commonly causes different types of visual disturbances such as blurriness in central vision, difficulty in making out fine details, and impaired colour perception.
This eye condition has two forms; wet form and dry form. Dry Macular Degeneration occurs when tiny yellow deposits form in the macula. Wet Macular Degeneration occurs when there is an abnormal growth of blood vessels underneath the macula. In most cases, eye doctors choose nutritional therapy as a treatment option for Dry Macular Degeneration, and anti-VEGF and laser photocoagulation for Wet Macular Degeneration.
Cataract is another common eye complication that causes different types of visual disturbances such as blurred vision, yellowing of vision and sensitivity to glare. Cataracts occur when there’s a build-up of protein clumps in the eyes. With time, the build-up of these clumps becomes denser, obstructing light from entering into the retina.
Cataract surgery is the go-to treatment option for Cataract. The surgery involves replacing the clouded lens with an artificial one called intraocular lens.
The pressure in the eye, called intraocular pressure, increases and damages the optic nerve causing glaucoma. Loss of vision, seeing halos around light sources, and hazy vision are some of the common visual disturbances associated with Glaucoma.
In mild cases of Glaucoma, eye doctors prescribe eye drops that lower the eye pressure. For severe cases, eye doctors choose advanced treatment options such as laser surgery and microsurgery to improve fluid flow in eyes and lower intraocular pressure.
4) Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy, as its name implies, is a diabetes-related eye condition. It occurs when blood vessels in the retina swell and leak. Diabetic Retinopathy causes different types of visual disturbances such as vision blurriness, floaters in vision, black spots in vision, and impaired colour vision.
Some of the commonly-preferred treatment options for Diabetic Retinopathy include Anti-VEGF therapy, vitrectomy, corticosteroids and focal/grid macular laser therapy.
5) Refractive errors
Refractive errors originate when an abnormal shape of the eyeball prevents light from accurately focusing on the retina. Refractive errors also occur when the shape of the cornea changes. Visual disturbance associated with refractive error varies with the eye condition type.
Hyperopia (farsightedness) causes blurriness in near vision while Myopia (nearsightedness) causes blurriness in distant vision. The treatment options available are the correction of vision either temporarily or permanently.
Doctors prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses for temporary correction. For permanent vision correction, LASIK eye surgery is recommended.
Visit Disha Eye Hospital for affordable LASIK surgery
Disha Eye Hospitals, provide the finest-quality of LASIK eye surgery at an affordable price. This is one of the many achievements of the hospital in their path of making eye care affordable to people. To learn more regarding LASIK eye surgery, visit your nearest centre of Disha.