Eye Pain: Ocular and Orbital

You may have experienced eye pain at some point in your life. Some of them are caused due to minor problems, and they go away without needing any medication, while some problems need the attention of an eye specialist. Eye pain can be a symptom of a wide range of problems; a sign of something as plain as refractive error or a sight-threatening condition like glaucoma. Therefore, you should not ignore eye pain even if it is mild. The pain could be categorized into two types: ocular, and orbital pain. Ocular pain is one that you experience on the eye’s surface whereas orbital pain occurs within the eye. Depending upon the accompanying symptoms, your doctor will determine the cause of your pain and discomfort, and recommend a suitable treatment plan.

Ocular pain

Ocular pain refers to the pain that you experience on the surface of the eye. The pain is often accompanied by sensations of itching and burning.  You may experience ocular pain because of irritation caused due to a foreign particle, infection, or trauma. This kind of eye pain is usually treated with eye drops and other medicines.

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Causes of ocular pain

  • Foreign object: One of the most common causes of ocular pain is when a foreign object like a piece of dirt, a tiny twig or use of eye cosmetics causes infection around the eyes.

  • Conjunctivitis: It is one of the most common eye infections that affects the front of the eye and the underside of the eyelid. It causes mild pain but it is quite uncomfortable. The eye pain due to conjunctivitis is often accompanied by a burning sensation.

  • Sty: It is an eye infection that causes a bump on the eyelid. It is quite painful and often the area around the bump becomes swollen.

  • Eye irritation: There are various factors that can cause eye irritation. And one of them is wearing dirty contact lenses. Also,exposure to irritants such as bleach and pollen can cause eyes to pain.

Orbital pain

Eye pain that is experienced within the eye is called orbital pain. If you are suffering from orbital pain, you will feel excruciating pain. Orbital pain should not be ignored as it can be a sign of a serious eye disease and it requires proper eye treatment.

  • Glaucoma: The condition can cause eye pain, along with headache and nausea. In the case of an acute-angle-closure glaucoma eye pressure inside the eye increases leading to pain. Glaucoma, when left untreated for long, can lead to loss of vision.

  • Optic neuritis: When the nerve connecting the back of the eyeball to the brain, known as the optic nerve, becomes inflamed, you may experience eye pain along with changes in vision.

There are many other eye conditions that could cause you an eye pain, in which case you must consult an eye specialist. Seeing an eye doctor will help you with the diagnosis and they may recommend a treatment accordingly. In the case of eye pain along with loss of vision or blurry vision or sudden change in vision, treat it as is a sign of emergency and seek immediate medical attention.

Disha Eye Hospitals, provide the best eye treatment in Kolkata, as well as other parts of West Bengal at an amazingly affordable cost. We have branches in several locations in West Bengal. We believe that patients are our first priority. As a measure to fight the present situation (COVID-19),and function efficiently, we have begun an online consultation service, so that your eyes are taken care of, even when you are social distancing.