What Questions Should Diabetics Ask Their Eye Specialists?

best eye specialist in barrackpore

Diabetes is a condition where blood glucose levels are too high. The medical condition affects multiple organs of your body and your eyes are no exception. The high blood glucose levels make the lens of the eyes swell, thus affecting the vision. If you or any of your family members are diabetic, here are some questions you should ask your eye specialists:

Question 1: Which eye problem is most associated with diabetes?

Anyone with type 1, type 2, or even gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant) is at the risk of developing:

● Diabetic retinopathy
● Cataracts
● Macular edema
● Glaucoma

These eye problems are also called diabetic eye disease, an umbrella term used for a group of diabetes-related diseases that affect your vision.

Question 2: How long does it take for diabetes to damage eyes?

Well, how quickly or slowly diabetes affects the eyes varies from one person to another. It usually takes between 5 to 10 years to develop a diabetic eye disease. The more uncontrolled the diabetes is, the faster the damage will be.

Question 3: What are the warning signs of diabetic retinopathy?

The warning signs of diabetic retinopathy include:

● Spots or dark strings floating in your vision
● Fluctuating vision
● Blurred vision
● Dark or empty areas in your vision

Diabetes in general can cause blurry vision.

Question 4: How often should I get an eye exam?

Even if you see a diabetologist regularly, it is important to get an eye exam at least once a year. If diabetes is not under control, you may have to see your eye specialist more frequently. If you are 60 or above, it is better to get your eyes examined twice every year.

Question 5: Can I get laser eye surgery?

Laser eye surgery is considered safe if you are diabetic as long as the blood sugar levels are under control and the condition has not yet affected the eyes. Your eye ophthalmologist is the best person to tell you whether you can undergo laser eye surgery or not.

Question 6: Can diabetics have eye surgery?

Yes, you can undergo eye surgery, if required. However, it depends on the eye condition that you are suffering from and any other medical condition that you may have. In certain cases, you may have to wait until your sugar levels are under control.

Question 7: Before eye surgery, is it necessary to keep my sugar levels under control?

Yes, it is important to keep your sugar levels under control. High sugar levels increase the risk of:

● Infection
● Slow healing
● Heart problems

Your eye specialist and diabetologist can suggest an appropriate course of treatment to control diabetes.

Question 8: Before eye surgery, is there any need to fast?

Whether you have diabetes or not, before any eye surgery, you will need to fast for about 12 hours.
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Question 9: Before eye surgery, do I need to stop taking medicines for diabetes?

If you take medicines for diabetes, talk to an eye specialist about stopping it. Generally, it should be stopped 48 hours before and 48 hours after surgery to reduce complications. Do tell your eye specialist about all the medications, including supplements, that you are taking. The eye specialist will tell you which one to continue and which one to stop.

Question 10: How do I prepare for eye surgery if I have diabetes?
One of the best ways to prepare for eye surgery is to simply follow your eye specialist’s instructions. Remember, the outcomes of the eye surgery will be better if your sugar levels are under control.

Looking for an eye specialist in Barrackpore?

As a leading eye hospital in West Bengal, we have branches all over the state including Barrackpore. We have some of the best eye specialists in Barrackpore on board. Our doctors have extensive clinical and surgical expertise. If you are experiencing any eye-related problems, visit the nearest branch or book an online consultation.

Who is an Eye Specialist? Signs that You should Visit One

eye specialist

Eyes indicate a lot about your health including the early signs of many diseases such as diabetes, blood pressure, high cholesterol, and jaundice. By visiting your eye specialist often, you can discover those underlying causes early and take necessary precautions to prevent them. Here we share with useful insights on who is an eye specialist and when should you visit one: 

Who is an eye specialist?

An eye specialist is also known as an ophthalmologist. They perform eye tests, diagnose and treat disease, prescribe medications, and perform eye surgery.  They also prescribe glasses or contact lenses.  Here are some signs that you should visit an eye specialist:

1. Vision problems 

If you are experiencing vision problems such as blurred vision, eye floaters, double vision, halos around bright lights, or struggling to read or see objects at a distance, it can be a sign of an underlying medical condition. There are many eye conditions that may lead to loss of vision if timely treatment is not sought.

2. Eye pain

If you get eye pain that persists for too long, you have to visit your eye doctor. Mostly, eye pain causes due to the reasons such as glaucoma, or injury in the cornea.

3. Infection in the eye

There are many things that lead to allergic reactions in the eyes including dust mites. Sometimes, allergic reactions lead to serious infections. In that case, visit the nearest eye doctor. Eye infection symptoms include eye secretion, itchy red eyes, and blurry vision.

4. Frequent squinting

You may squint your eyes to focus on the blurred objects, things, or images in front of you. Squinting can decrease the image size to get a clear view and reduce the extra light that your eyes receive. But, this temporary fix is not an ideal way of dealing with poor vision. So, frequent squinting is a valid reason that you must get your eyes examined by an eye doctor.

5. Diabetes diagnosis

If diabetes runs in your family, or if you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential to get your eyes examined regularly by your eye doctor. Those suffering from diabetes are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma, cataracts, and diabetic retinopathy.

6. Constant headaches

Several eye problems such as inflammation in the optic nerve or glaucoma can trigger headaches. Going for regular eye checkups can prevent major eye complications. Headaches could be related to eye strain. 

Looking for the best eye specialist in Kolkata? 

We, at Disha Eye Hospitals, have experienced eye doctors for the treatment of eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma, corneal and retinal diseases. We also offer laser surgery for cataracts, glaucoma, and refractive errors. Book online consultation or visit the nearest branch.

60+ Eye Health: How to Maintain Healthy Eyes

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Though eye problems can occur at any age, they are more common in later years of life. Eye diseases such as cataracts, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and glaucoma are more common among the elderly. Medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure increase the risk of age-related eye diseases. If you are above the age of 60, it is important to adopt a healthy lifestyle that promotes good eye health. Here we share with some useful insights for seniors on maintaining good eye health:

1. Include food that benefits your eye: The health of your eyes can be greatly determined by the type of food you eat. A study shows that certain types of diet can help improve your eye health.  Additionally nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zinc and vitamins C and E can prevent vision problems caused due to old age.

2. Quit smoking: Smoking is not only harmful to your lungs but also to your eyes. It can increase the chances of cataracts and macular degeneration.  Smoking can also affect the optic nerve, which can increase the chances of glaucoma. So if you  smoke, it is best to quit smoking.

3. Keep sugar levels and BP under control: Hypertension and diabetes are not just linked to cardiovascular diseases but they also increase the risk of eye diseases. These conditions lead to adverse changes in the blood vessels of the eyes. If you are suffering from any of these conditions, it is important to keep them under control and regularly see an eye specialist. 

4. Exercise regularly: Exercising regularly is good for the overall health as well as eye health.  Being physically active keeps blood pressure and glucose levels in check. Studies have shown that exercising regularly can improve eye health and  reduce the chances of eye diseases such as cataracts or macular degeneration.

5. Protect your eyes from the harmful UV rays:  Wearing protective sunglasses can greatly reduce the effect of UV rays on the eyes. Protecting your eyes is important because too much UV exposure might lead to the formation of cataracts or increase the chances of macular degeneration.

Note: If you wear prescription glasses, opt for  sunglasses with power lenses.

6. Visit an eye specialist at least once a year : One of the effective ways to keep your eyes healthy after the age of 60 is to visit an eye specialist at least once a year.  If you already have an eye condition, you may have to visit an eye specialist more frequently.  Regular eye check ups can help  detect eye diseases in the early stages. This can increase the chances of better treatment. 

Looking for an eye specialist in Kolkata? 

If you are looking to get an eye condition treated or just want to visit an eye specialist for a comprehensive eye check up, visit Disha Eye Hospitals.  We have over 90 highly experienced and qualified doctors in our 15 branches in West Bengal. Our eye specialists are well-versed with the latest medical techniques and have access to state-of-the-art medical equipment to give you the best possible care. 

 

Check These Useful Insights on 20-20-20 Rule and Eye Strain

eye specialist in kolkata

Are you suffering from eye strain because of your job? Are you finding it difficult to concentrate because of the pain and fatigue in your eyes? If so, this post is for you. Our eye specialists in Kolkata have curated a few valuable insights on eye strain that can help you manage the condition better. So, keep reading!

What’s the 20-20-20 rule?

The 20-20-20 rule is a simple way to reduce eye strain. The rule is to take a 20-second break every 20 minutes and look at something 20 feet away. This gives your eyes a chance to rest and prevents them from getting too tired.

How does the 20-20-20 rule prevent eye strain?

When you look at screens for long periods of time, your eyes can become tired and strained. The 20-20-20 rule helps prevent this by giving your eyes a chance to refocus every 20 minutes. It is a simple, effective way to reduce eye strain and keep your eyes healthy. 

What are the symptoms of eye strain?

Eye strain is a condition that can occur when your eyes are overworked or fatigued. Symptoms of eye strain can include:

  • Headache
  • Sore or tired eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Double vision
  • Dry eyes

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to rest your eyes and see an eye doctor or an eye specialist if the symptoms persist. If you live in Kolkata, you can book a virtual  appointment with an eye specialist in Kolkata at Disha Eye Hospitals or visit our hospital.  

What are other ways to prevent eye strain?

If you work at a computer all day, you know that eye strain is a real pain. Here are some tips for preventing eye strain other than the 20-20-20 rule:

  • Take breaks often to look away from the screen and focus on something else in the room.
  • Adjust your screen brightness and text size to make them comfortable for your eyes.
  • Ensure that your computer monitor is at the correct height so you’re not straining your neck to look up or down at it.
  • Invest in a good pair of computer glasses if you wear contacts or have vision problems.
  • Try to blink often to keep your eyes from getting too dry.

Following these tips should help you avoid or lessen the effects of eye strain. If you’re still having problems, see an eye specialist to ensure there isn’t a more serious issue.

About Disha Eye Hospitals

We are committed to providing comprehensive and high-quality eye care services to our patients. We offer a wide range of services, including eye examinations, contact lens fittings, and lasik surgery. We use the latest technology and equipment to provide our patients with the best possible care. Our experienced and skilled staff are dedicated to providing excellent customer service. 

We offer various services, including cataract, diagnostic and imaging services, glaucoma, neuro-ophthalmology, pediatric ophthalmology, retina, corneal diseases treatment, emergency OPD, laser treatment, oculoplastic, lasik & refractive surgery and uvea. For more details, contact us.

Conclusion:

Eye strain is a real issue that can cause discomfort and even long-term damage. By being aware of the causes and symptoms of eye strain, you can take steps to prevent it from happening or lessen its effects. If you experience any of the symptoms we’ve mentioned, please consult with an eye specialist as soon as possible. Thanks for reading!

Eye Health Tips for College Students

College students have a lot on their plate and they have a busy academic schedule and social life. Amidst this, eye health is often not a priority. Eyes are one of the most sensitive parts of the body that require care. When an eye problem is detected early on, the chances of treatment are often better. As one of the leading eye hospitals in Kolkata, we share a few tips for healthy eyes for college students:

Eye specialist

  • Reduce screen time: Digital eye strain is the most common problem faced by college students. With virtual classes, students are now spending more time in front of the screen. Eyestrain, headaches and  blurred vision are some of the symptoms of digital eye strain. To help alleviate digital eye strain, students must take a 20 seconds break after every 20 minutes and look at something (other than the screen) 20 feet away. This gives the eyes much needed rest.

  • Take care of contact lenses: There are no two ways that contact lenses are one of the most convenient tools to correct vision problems. However, they are medical devices that need proper handling. College students should make it a point to always wash their hands before touching contact lenses. Sleeping with contact lenses  can lead to eye redness, dry eyes and even eye infections.

  • Wear the right eyewear for outdoor activities: College students who are part of the sports team or who spend a good amount of time outdoors, should wear sunglasses. They should make sure that their sunglasses offer UV protection. Prescription sunglasses are a smart choice for those who need glasses.

  • Do not share makeup: Sharing eye makeup may seem to be harmless but it might lead to the spreading of infections.  Avoid using expired cosmetic products. If a particular product is causing redness in the eye or near the eye, it is best to not use it again.

  • Get proper sleep: Sleep plays an important role in the college student’s productivity level. Good sleep helps in maintaining their eyes health. Adults need at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep. Lack of sleep may lead to dry eyes.

  • Lead healthy  lifestyle: Physical exercise, healthy diet and not smoking are the three habits every college student should inculcate. According to a study, physical exercise is not just for physical fitness but also for good eye health. Healthy diet is very much needed for good eye health.  College students should  ensure that they are having a well-balanced diet that lowers the chances of obesity and type 2 diabetes, which is the leading cause of blindness in adults. It has been found that smoking increases the chances of cataract development. Students who smoke should quit smoking and those who don’t smoke should never start it.

  • Get comprehensive eye checkup done every year: While a routine visual acuity test is important, college students should get a comprehensive eye test done every year.  Performed by a qualified eye specialist or ophthalmologist, the eye test helps in detecting  eye conditions. 

Are you looking for an eye specialist in Kolkata?

If you are experiencing any eye-related problems, visit Disha Eye Hospitals or book an  online consultation with our eye specialists. We offer quality eye care at affordable rates. We are a one-stop destination for eye care. We have diagnostic and imaging service centres, emergency OPD, optical store and a paediatric clinic all under one roof. 

 

Rubbing Your Eyes: Is It Bad?

Most people rub their eyes inadvertently. Though it may seem harmless, rubbing eyes can be dangerous and can even damage the cornea. If you find yourself constantly rubbing your eyes due to dryness, you should consult an eye doctor. 

What makes you rub your eyes?

Rubbing the eyes can be an after-effect of  eye conditions such as:

  1. Eye infections: There are many kinds of eye infections that make our eyes itchy. Conjunctivitis is one of the most common eye infections that causes redness or pinkness in the eyes and makes them itchy. Usually, eye infections are caused due to bacteria and viruses. Touching eyes with dirty hands can easily transmit the virus or bacteria to the eyes. Conjunctivitis is contagious and easily spreads to one another. 
  2. Allergies: According to a study, when you have an allergy-causing virus/ bacteria in the eyes and you rub them, you will feel like rubbing the eyes more. Allergies make your eyes itchier. Itching can be accompanied by a stuffy nose, sneezing, and watery eyes. Some people can also be allergic to food, insect stings, or medications.
  3. Prolonged use of contact lenses: Wearing contact lenses too can also cause eyes to itch. 
  4. Additional causes for rubbing of eyes could include dry eyes, eye strain, and blepharitis.

What rubbing your eyes can lead to.

  • Hands are generally dirtier than any other part of the body. When the hands touch the eyes it leads to the transfer of germs. 
  • If there is already something foreign material in the eyes, rubbing at that point can make the situation worse.
  •  Many people suffer from conditions such as myopia, glaucoma, and many other conditions. Excessive rubbing may lead to worsening of the eyesight by damaging blood vessels. 
  • Excessive rubbing may lead to thinning of the cornea. This condition is known as keratoconus.

Tips to stop rubbing your eyes

The best way to stop rubbing your eyes is to treat the underlying cause that is making them itch. Your doctor will guide you through the practices that may prevent you from rubbing your eyes. He can also prescribe some medication at https://xanaxtreatanxiety.com to relieve anxiety and the itchiness. Saline and eye drop prescribed by your doctor can be used for relieving the irritation. You may also apply a warm compress to your eye but it should be done only after consulting an eye doctor.

Sometimes rubbing is due to habit and because of any medical condition causing itching. In this case, the following methods can be used to stop this:

  • Be conscious of what you are doing using your hands. Resist the urge and try to deviate your mind to not rub your eyes.
  • Wear gloves when you are finding it hard to keep your fingers from your face. Covered fingers make rubbing difficult.
  • Try to engage your hands in some other task. Squeezing a stress ball or rubbing a smooth rock might be useful.

Are you looking for an eye doctor in Kolkata?

Disha Eye Hospitals is a leading eye hospital in West Bengal. Our eye doctors of different caliber are on board. Our doctors are well-versed in the latest medical technology and our hospitals have all the modern equipment to support our doctors in providing the best patient care possible. 

 

FAQs on Inherited and Genetic Eye Diseases

There are many factors that play an important role in determining overall eye health. Genetics is one of the most significant ones. Many eye diseases, including those that cause blindness among infants, children and adults, are inherited. In some cases, early diagnosis and effective treatment for inherited eye disorders can help prevent the conditions from worsening. Therefore, it is important to know about these conditions. We have some of the best eye specialists in Kolkata. These eye specialists will answer some of the frequently asked questions on inherited and genetic eye diseases 

Question 1: What eye problems are genetic?

There are over 350 eye diseases that are genetic. A genetic eye disorder occurs when a child inherits a disease from one or both patients. Some of the genetic eye disorders are: 

  • Congenital cataracts
  • Congenital glaucoma
  • Retinal degeneration
  • Colour blindness 
  • Corneal dystrophies
  • Keratoconus

Note: In adults, glaucoma and macular degeneration are among the leading causes of blindness. Both seem to be hereditary.

Question 2: Can common vision problems be inherited?

Yes, common refractive errors such as nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism are also inherited. The risk of developing these conditions is higher if both the parents have the eye disorder. Strabismus and amblyopia can also be inherited. 

Question 3: Can genetic eye disorders be cured?

Early diagnosis and effective treatment of inherited eye disorders can help prevent the worsening of vision. For instance, congenital cataracts can be treated by removal as soon after the diagnosis. The surgery can be performed on an infant as young as 6 to 8 weeks. 

Question 4: What are the symptoms of inherited eye diseases? 

Symptoms vary depending on the type of eye disease. Some of the general symptoms include:

  • Abnormal appearance
  • Fluid in eyes
  • Impaired vision  

Question 5: How can genetic eye problems be diagnosed? 

The best way to protect a baby’s eyes from congenital or hereditary eye disease is through regular eye examinations. Certain eye diseases are present at the time of birth while some develop shortly thereafter. Therefore, it is important that the baby’s eyes are regularly examined by an ophthalmologist or paediatric ophthalmologist. When diagnosed early, the chances of treatment can be better and the impact of the disease can be minimised. 

Looking for the best eye specialist in Kolkata for children? 

We, at Disha Eye Hospitals, have a dedicated Paediatric Ophthalmology unit with some of the best eye specialists in Kolkata on board. We conduct various eye tests for infants, toddlers, pre-school children and verbal children. We work closely with parents and children to integrate ophthalmologic treatment into the patient’s total care plan.

Question 6: What to expect during the evaluation? 

The paediatric ophthalmologist or eye doctor will completely review the test results. The parents will be asked about their family medical history, with particular attention given to signs and symptoms of genetic disorders. The child will have to undergo a comprehensive eye checkup. For this, the pupils will be dilated. Some of the common tests for diagnosing genetic eye disorders are: 

  • Electroretinography
  • Visual evoked potential testing
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Fundus autofluorescence
  • Visual fields

 

Note: Additional tests may be recommended depending on the symptoms. 

 

How to wear glasses with a face mask?

If you wear spectacles, you must have experienced the innocuous problem of glasses fogging up when you step out of an air conditioned room. However, you may be facing this problem more often while wearing a face mask. But why does that happen? Well, when you wear a mask, breath escapes up to your glasses, causing glasses to steam up, making it difficult to see clearly. However, this doesn’t mean that you should avoid wearing a face mask. There are no two ways that it’s important to wear a mask, even if you’ve been vaccinated against COVID-19, or have recovered from the infection. 

Wearing a mask is crucial to prevent the spread of COVID-19

Wearing a mask is crucial to prevent the spread of COVID-19

Follow these tips curated by our eye specialists  on wearing eyeglasses with a face mask: 
1. Keep the lenses clean: Clean the lenses with a regular lens cleaning solution that comes with glasses. Doing so helps in creating a thin film on the surface of the lens that prevents the lens from fogging up. If you don’t have any lens cleaning solution, wash the spectacles in soapy water and then rinse them with clean water. You can also use an anti-fogging solution before wearing the eyeglasses.

Note: Do not use products that aren’t formulated for eyewear. Products such as toothpaste and vinegar may damage the coatings on the lenses. 

2. Dry the glasses properly: Before wearing the eyeglasses again, gently dry with a soft cloth. Do not use a paper towel to dry the lenses as it can leave scratch marks.

3. Fit your mask to your face: The warm air escapes and fog up your lenses when the mask is loose. When putting on your mask, make the top of the mask fit the shape of your nose. Use self-adhesive nose bridge pads or pins to close the gap between the bridge of the nose and the top of your mask. Using pins or pads will ensure that the mask is snuggly fit. Make sure you use well-fitted masks such as the ones that come with adjustable frames.

4. Adjust the position of your glasses: Push the glasses forward on your nose. This will allow more air to circulate and prevent your breath from fogging up the glasses.

5. Position the mask correctly: Pull the mask up over your nose and rest your glasses on top of it. This will block the air from escaping and prevent fogging.

6. Use anti-fog wipes: You can also use single-use anti-fog wipes to keep your glasses streak-free, safe, and fog-free.

Note: Many people often use hand sanitizer to clean their spectacles. However, they must realize that hand sanitizer are an effective anti-fog agent only in a hospital setting where surgical goggles are used. Alcohol in hand sanitizers can damage the protective coatings of the standard eyewear.

Having trouble with your vision? Book online consultation with an eye specialist 

Disha Eye Hospitals are leading eye hospitals in West Bengal. We specialise in all eye care, including LASIK and cataract surgery. Our eye specialists with the help of the latest techniques and equipment offer best patient care possible. You can book an online consultation with our eye specialist or visit our branches in-person.

 

 

8 Causes of Peripheral Vision Loss

Peripheral vision loss is the loss of side vision. Peripheral vision helps you see the surrounding objects without turning your head or moving your eyes. It also helps you sense motion and lets you carry various activities such as running, walking, and driving without crashing into anything. To understand more about peripheral vision, let us first give you a brief insight on the retina. 

8 Causes of Peripheral Vision Loss

2 types of cells in the retina 

There are 2 types of light-sensitive cells in the retina: rods and cones. The cones help us see colour and are concentrated in a small central area of the retina called the macula. Rods are responsible for peripheral and night vision. Loss of peripheral vision or tunnel vision typically results from eye conditions that inhibit the normal functioning of the rods. 

Symptoms of peripheral vision loss – when to see an eye specialist? 

When people suffer from moderate to severe peripheral vision loss, they feel as if they are looking down a narrow tube. Some of the other symptoms of peripheral vision loss include: 

  1. Poor night vision
  2. Blind spots
  3. Eye pain
  4. Headaches 
  5. Nausea
  6. Increased or decreased light sensitivity
  7. Change in the size of the pupils 
  8. Seeing glare around lights

If you are noticing any of these symptoms, book an appointment with an eye doctor in Kolkata

What causes peripheral vision loss?

Loss of peripheral vision may be the result of:

  1. Glaucoma: It is one of the most common causes of peripheral vision loss. Glaucoma causes elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). Extremely high IOP results in optic nerve damage, which leads to a loss of side vision. People suffering from diabetes are at an increased risk of suffering from Glaucoma. Hence, it is important for Diabetics to visit their eye doctors regularly. If you are a diabetic and searching for the best eye doctor in Kolkata,  check our list of eye doctors – they are some of the best names in Kolkata. From reputed eye surgeons to the best retina specialist doctors in Kolkata, we have some of the leading names in our team. 
  2. Eye Stroke or Retinal Artery Occlusion: Eye strokes are caused by clots or narrowing of your retina’s blood vessels. When the blood flow to the retina is interrupted, it can result in various vision problems, including peripheral vision loss and even total vision loss. 
  3. Retinitis pigmentosa: It refers to a group of rare eye conditions caused by genetic mutations. These conditions are inherited genetically and affect the retina, resulting in night blindness, tunnel vision, and other vision problems.
  4. Cataracts:  It is a buildup of proteins in the lens, forming protein clumps. In many cases, cataract starts damaging the lens from the edges leading to peripheral vision loss. 
  5. Optic Nerve Atrophy: When the optic nerve is damaged it can affect your central vision, peripheral vision, and color vision. 
  6. Retinal Detachment: It is a painless yet serious condition that occurs when the retina separates from the back of your eye. It can be caused by tears or holes in the retina, an inflammatory disorder, Coats’ disease, or the contraction of scar tissue on the retina’s surface. Over time a detached retina can cause loss of peripheral vision. 
  7. Ocular Migraine: They happen when the blood flow to the eye is restricted. Someone who is suffering from ocular migraines can experience peripheral vision loss and other visual disturbances for a short period of time. 
  8. Papilledema: Swelling of the optic disc, called papilledema, can lead to vision problems including loss of side vision. 

How to test peripheral vision? 

Your eye doctor will perform a visual field test to check how much you can see out of the corners of your eyes. This is a simple, painless, and non-invasive procedure. 

Everyday Habits That Are Hurting Your Vision

The eyes are major organs and they need proper care and attention. However, often people take their vision for granted – they do things that might be damaging their vision. As one of the top eye hospitals in Kolkata, we discuss with you a few everyday habits that can hurt your vision and cause eye discomfort, pain, and even eye infection. 

Everyday Habits That Are Hurting Your Vision

Habit 1: Rubbing your eyes: 

  • This may seem like a harmless thing to do, but rubbing your eyes vigorously can actually affect your eye health.
  • When you rub your eyes, there is a chance of keratoconus – which can weaken the structure of the cornea. 
  • Every day your hands come in contact with many bacteria and germs. When you rub your hands with dirty hands, you increase the risk of transferring the germs into your eyes, thus increasing the risk of eye infection.

Habit 2: Too much screen time:

  • Staring at digital screens all day can cause eye discomfort.
  • During the  Covid-19 pandemic, the digital screen timings have increased as education, work and entertainment have moved online.
  • According to a study, nearly 23% of the Indian population saw their eyesight weakening due to the increased screen time during the pandemic. The study found that in 2020, the average Indian spent around 6 hours 36 minutes staring at a digital screen. 
  • When you are spending too much time on TV, browsing the internet, or staring at your phone, you’re less likely to blink, which means your eyes can get dry, red and itchy. 
  • To avoid dry and itchy eyes, follow the 20-20-20 rule. Every 20 minutes look at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds. 

Habit 3: Not wearing sunglasses outside

  • Extensive exposure to UV rays damages the retina, putting the eyes at the risk for eye conditions such as cataracts, macular degeneration, pterygium, and photokeratitis. 
  • Always buy sunglasses with UV protection.

Habit 4: Wearing old contact lenses or not storing them properly 

  • Wearing old contact lenses increases one’s risk of suffering from eye infections. 
  • Other reasons for eye infections include sharing contacts with others, sleeping in your contacts, and wearing ill-fitting contact lenses.
  • Store and keep your contact lenses in a hygienic way. Keep the case clean and replace the case every 3 months. 
  • Wearing contact lenses while showering or swimming can cause eye infections.

Habit 5: Using expired eye makeup

  • Discard expired eye makeup. Using expired or old eye makeup can lead to eye irritation and infection. 
  • Before applying an eye makeup product, always check its expiry date.

Habit 6: Skipping regular eye exams

  • Regular eye checkups can help in the early detection of eye conditions. Some eye conditions do not show any early signs and they can be detected only through comprehensive eye exams.

Note: If you are looking for a top eye hospital in Kolkata for an eye check-up, visit or book an online appointment with Disha Eye Hospitals.

Habit 7: Uncontrolled smoking

  • Smoking is injurious to health. It can cause health problems such as cancer or lung disease and can also harm your eye health. 
  • A few of the eye conditions related to smoking are glaucoma, cataracts, dry eye, and macular degeneration. Gradually quitting smoking can help save your vision as well as your overall physical health.