Retinal complications are one of the most serious types of eye diseases. This is because the retina contains light-sensing tissues which convert light into neural signals which are sent to the brain via the optic nerve.
If you are facing difficulty and seeing blind spots in vision, or experiencing sensitivity to bright lights, these can be early symptoms of retinal disease. Make sure to consult with an eye doctor to get the symptoms diagnosed at the earliest.
Our eye care team at Disha Eye Hospitals has some of the best eye doctors in Kolkata. Book an appointment online with one of our eye specialists at http://www.dishaeye.org/organic/ and get your eye diagnosed.
Here are some of the common and serious retinal diseases:
1) Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy is one of the most serious vision-impairing retinal diseases; without proper treatment, eye disease causes permanent blindness. As the name of the eye disease suggests, Diabetic Retinopathy is associated with Diabetes.
The high blood sugar levels linked with Diabetes causes changes in the tiny blood vessels of the retina and causes them to bleed and leak fluid. This, in turn, leads to vision blurriness. Some of the common symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy include seeing floaters and small spots, loss of central vision, and seeing black spots. Treatment options for Diabetic Retinopathy includes a diabetes management plan, vitrectomy, scatter laser treatment, and focal laser treatment.
2) Macular Degeneration
Macular Degeneration is another common and serious eye diseases linked to the retina. The eye complication occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow into the macula and leak blood or fluid, interfering with the function of the retina.
Some of the biggest risk factors of macular degeneration include age, obesity, smoking, cardiovascular diseases, and family history of eye disease. Visual distortions, haziness in vision, blurry spot in the field of vision, and reduced central vision are some of the common symptoms of Macular Degeneration. Medicinal supplements, laser treatment, and photodynamic therapy are some of the common treatments of Macular Degeneration.
3) Macular Hole
Macular Hole is a term to describe the formation of a small hole in the macula. The hole forms a blind spot in the central vision as it grows in size. One of the common reasons why macular hole occurs is due to detachment of the vitreous from the retina. When the vitreous detaches, it causes the macula to stretch which leads to the formation of a hole.
Eye injury, retinal detachment, extreme nearsightedness, and diabetic eye diseases are the other causes of a macular hole. Some of the common symptoms of macular hole include blurry central vision, distorted vision, seeing straight lines as wavy, and a spot in the field of vision.
4) Retinal Detachment
Retinal Detachment is a serious eye problem where the retina detaches from the back portion of the eye. The separation of the retina, in turn, leads to vision impairment. Retinal detachment can lead to complete vision loss if left untreated; as it is a medical emergency, delaying the treatment can worsen it and lead to serious complications.
Some of the common symptoms of retinal detachment include seeing floaters, seeing sudden flashes of light, partial vision loss, and blurriness in vision. Treatment options that eye doctors choose for retinal detachment include vitrectomy, scleral buckling, retinopexy, cryopexy, and photocoagulation.
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We, at Disha Eye Hospitals, provide high-quality LASIK surgery, vitrectomy, laser surgery, and cataract surgery in Kolkata at an affordable cost. Learn more about our eye care services at http://www.dishaeye.org/.