Childhood Myopia: Symptoms And Causes

Myopia (also known as nearsightedness) is one of the most common refractive errors in children. It causes objects located far away to look blurry. Although not a vision-threatening eye condition, myopia in childhood can affect your child’s performance in school and extracurricular activities.

Childhood myopia: Symptoms and causes

1) Symptoms of childhood myopia

Experiencing difficulty in clearly seeing distant objects is the primary symptom of myopia in childhood. Other symptoms that your child may experience include general eye pain and eye irritation.

In many cases, children do not complain about the symptoms because they are not aware of refractive error. Also, in some cases, they are too young to comprehend the problem they are facing.

If your child moves towards a distant object (e.g. a TV to see clearly), it is a valid indication of childhood myopia. Look out for other signs like redness of the eye, itchiness, and tearing.

If you notice these symptoms in your child, take them to an eye specialist. If you are a resident of West Bengal, visit your nearest Disha Eye Hospital. With a team of the best eye specialists in Kolkata, we are dedicated to providing comprehensive eye care for all. One of these doctors could perform the proper diagnosis for your child’s myopia, and assist in starting an early treatment. Book an appointment online at

2) Causes of childhood myopia

Childhood myopia occurs when the length of the eyeball (from front to back) is slightly longer than normal. The abnormality in structure causes the light rays (which are perceived as images) to focus on the front of the retina and not directly on it. As a result, distant vision becomes blurry.

Family history is one of the most common factors that increase the risk of childhood myopia. If you or your spouse have myopia, your child is highly likely to develop the refractive error.

3) Diagnosis of childhood myopia

Diagnosis of childhood myopia is done through a refraction test. The eye specialist may also perform retinoscopy to get an objective measurement of the refractive error. Additional tests are performed in order to determine the type and severity of myopia. Your child could be tested on their ability to focus on close objects, eye movements, and binocular vision.

4) Treatment of childhood myopia

Distant vision becomes a hindrance to learning as your child enters school. Eye specialists often prescribe eyeglasses to temporarily correct childhood myopia. It is necessary for children with 20/40 vision, or worse, to wear prescription eyeglasses.

Wearing bifocals or reading glasses may slow down the development of myopia in some cases. When prescribing bifocals, eye specialists generally instruct the line to be placed higher, in order to encourage the use of bifocal power. Refractive surgery is not recommended for children and is only suitable for adults.

Many adolescents prefer wearing contact lenses over prescription eyeglasses. One of the biggest benefits of using contact lenses is that they improve peripheral vision. This characteristic is highly beneficial for adolescents with high degrees of myopia.

Visit Disha Eye Hospitals with your child to receive comprehensive eye care

Disha Eye Hospitals have some of the best cornea, lens, and retina specialists in Kolkata. We offer advanced medical technology-led eye care services for both adults and children.

One of our main goals is to make our eye care services affordable for all. We believe everybody deserves access to good eye health. We are working to ensure that people from all sections of society have access to modern eye care and maintain good eye health.