In recent years, there have been incredible advancements in vision correction surgeries. From surgical procedures that people see well without glasses or contact lenses to operations that can remove cataracts, there are many types of eye surgeries that are helping people see better.
Here are the different types of corrective eye surgeries, why you may need and what to expect when you have them:
- LASIK: It is one of the most common eye surgeries performed to reduce the patient’s dependency on eyeglasses and contact lenses. It is done to treat common vision problems like nearsightedness, farsightedness, and/or astigmatism. The eye surgery involves reshaping the underlying corneal tissue to focus light into the eye and reach the retina. An outpatient surgery, LASIK is performed under local anaesthesia and the procedure is painless. After the surgery, some people may still need spectacles as they get older. Those who had a strong prescription may also need spectacles even after the surgery. In order to be a good candidate for LASIK, you need to have a thick cornea and stable eyeglass prescription. LASIK is not recommended for pregnant women and people with certain medical conditions.
- Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK): The aim of both LASIK and PRK is the same — to treat refractive errors so that you won’t need contact lenses or glasses. In some cases, PRK is preferred over LASIK when certain patients do not have thick corneas as required for LASIK. After the PRK surgery, your eyes may hurt. However, the pain goes away eventually. It is recommended that you should not drive for a few weeks after the surgery.
- Cataract surgery: Cataract surgery is the best treatment for cataracts. The eye surgery is done using advanced technology like a laser. An eye surgeon removes the clouded lens with an artificial lens. An outpatient surgery, the procedure is completed in 15 to 20 minutes. However, pre and post-operative procedures can take more than an hour. Cataract surgery is one of the most common eye surgeries with a high success rate.
- Glaucoma surgery: When left untreated for long, glaucoma can lead to complete loss of vision. There are different types of surgeries available to treat glaucoma. The goal of both then surgeries is to lower the eye pressure. Though glaucoma cannot be cured, with appropriate treatment it can be controlled. Glaucoma surgery is done using a laser as well as conventional methods. The procedure done using a laser is minimally invasive and the patient can go home the same after the surgery. After the surgery, the eyes may look red or may water. If you either are above the age of 40 or you have a family history of glaucoma, then you get your eyes tested for the condition.
- Diabetic Retinopathy surgery: Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes-related eye complication. If you have high blood sugar levels, they can damage blood vessels causing them to leak fluid and blood into the retina. This could cause blurry vision. Surgery is done to prevent future blood vessel leaks.
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Disha Eye Hospitals has some of the best eye surgeons in Kolkata who have performed eye surgeries with precision and high success rate. If you are looking for eye surgeons in Kolkata, consult our leading eye surgeons. In the wake of COVID-19 pandemic, you can book an online consultation.
Have you been finding it difficult to see far-off objects but you can easily see them when you are a few feet away from it? Well, if yes, then chances are that you shortsightedness or nearsightedness also called Myopia.
Myopia is the most common cause of impaired vision. When you suffer from myopia you can see objects near to you clearly but those that are far away may appear blurry. Eye strain, headaches, and squinting are some of the common symptoms of Myopia. The structure of your cornea is to be blamed for the condition. When the eyeball is too curved, the eyes are unable focus properly that causes blurry vision. The good news is that there are various and very effective treatments available for Myopia.
Some common methods of correcting shortsightedness:
Shortsightedness can usually be corrected by using eyeglasses that are made specifically to your eye prescription. It is a common solution which is also cost-effective. Eyeglasses for myopia ensure the light is focused onto the back of your eye correctly so distant objects don’t appear blurry or hazy. The glasses have to be very specific to your eyes and needs to be created using the prescription of an eye doctor. Wearing eyeglasses can enhance vision and reduce eye strain related to Myopia. The prescription of your eyeglasses depends on how shortsighted you are and what kind of occupation or lifestyle you have If you spend more time in front of the computer then it is advisable to consider anti-glare coating while purchasing your eyeglasses. If you spend a lot of time outdoors, then you can get your sunglasses modified as per your prescription.
Contact lenses can also be used to correct vision in the same way as eyeglasses. Contact lenses give wearers good peripheral vision. Contact lenses move with your eyes and there are no frames to block your view. Contact lenses are more comfortable when it comes to outdoor activities. The only challenge with contact lenses is that you have to handle them with care and follow use instructions with discipline to avoid infections.
Laser eye surgery
Both eyeglasses and contact lenses correct your vision provided you use them daily and get them replaced regularly. If you are looking for a permanent correction of myopia, you will have to consider laser eye surgery. Some of the common surgical options are:
- LASIK: An eye surgeon will use a special type of cutting laser to reshape the cornea. During surgery, the corneal flap is painlessly removed and the underlying corneal tissue is reshaped. This flap is then placed back. To undergo LASIK, you need to have a thick cornea and you should not be suffering from eye diseases like diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, or glaucoma.
- Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK): Those who are eligible for LASIK can get PRK done. In this, an eye surgeon removes the extremely thin outer layer of the cornea. The new layer grows back within a few days. Using the laser the doctor reshapes the cornea, thereby improving your vision
Consult an eye specialist in Kolkata at Disha Eye Hospitals
To know which treatment will suit you the best, consult an eye specialist. If you are looking for an eye surgeon in Kolkata to get eye surgery done, then look nowhere else than Disha Eye Hospitals. The hospital has the best technology, the Wavelight Allegretto AG (German) technology for LASIK surgery. This state-of-the-art technology screens out risk cases. We also offer PRK and LASEK surgery. We have branches in Barasat, Siliguri, Sinthi and Burdwan.