Avoid digital eye strain while working from home

Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the number of people working from home has increased significantly since last year. However, this has resulted in people spending too much time in front of their digital devices, which in turn has led to an increase in complaints of eye strain and dry eyes. Staring at a screen for too long can also cause headaches, eye fatigue, shoulder pain and in some cases, deteriorated vision.

If you are working from home and are looking for useful tips to protect your eyes from too much screen time, here’s a useful read. These tips are curated by our eye doctors in Kolkata:

Avoid digital eye strain while working from home

Tip 1: Adjust the position of your screen:

The positioning of the screen of your digital device has a significant impact on your eyes. When working, make sure that the screen of your computer or laptop is just below your eye level.

Tip 2: Check the lighting of your room: 

Insufficient lighting as well as excessive lighting can put pressure on your eyes – which can cause discomfort and in some cases, vision problems. Usually lower ambient light levels are right for screen- intensive jobs. For paper-related work ( especially when the characters are small) , higher ambient light levels are recommended.

Tip 3: Don’t place the digital device too close to the eyes: 

By keeping the device close to your eyes, your eyes have to work hard to see the content. Ideally, you should keep your digital screen at least 50-100 cm away from your eyes.

Tip 4: Take frequent breaks: 

When working from home, frequent breaks are necessary as working continuously for a long period of time can affect your eyes and health. Also, taking short breaks enhances work productivity.

Tip 5: Wear computer eyeglasses: 

Computer glasses with anti-glare coating and blue light filtering can help you get relief from digital eye strain.

Tip 6: Follow the 20-20-20 rule: 

Your eyes, like the rest of the body, need regular exercise. The 20-20-20 rule is an easy exercise that you can do when working from home. After every 20 minutes, look away from your digital screen and focus on an object within 20 feet of you for 20 seconds.

Tip 7: Get your eyes examined annually:

A comprehensive eye exam is a must as it helps detect eye problems at an early age. Even if you don’t experience any change in your vision, make it a point to get your eyes checked at least once a year. Here’s a useful read on why you should be going for regular eye exams.

At Disha Eye Hospitals, we are passionate about providing world-class eye care affordable to all sections of the society. From vision correction surgery and cataract surgery to the treatment of very complex conditions, we offer a comprehensive range of services that meets everyone’s needs.

 

Gonioscopy: What Is It And Why Is It Needed?

Have you or your family member been advised to undergo gonioscopy and you are wondering what the test is all about? Well, gonioscopy is done to evaluate the internal drainage system of the eye. The front part of the eye is filled with clear fluid. It is this fluid that nourishes the lens and maintains pressure within the eye. The fluid carries nutrients to the lens and cornea. The fluid naturally drains out of the eyes from the area between the iris and the cornea. An ophthalmologist performs a gonioscopy to check to see if this drainage system is working properly. Here is an overview of why gonioscopy is done and what does it entail by our eye doctors in Kolkata

eye doctor in kolkata

  • Why is gonioscopy  done? Gonioscopy is recommended if your ophthalmologist thinks you should be checked for glaucoma. The eye condition damages the optic nerve. There are many types of glaucoma. They do not have any warning signs. By the time noticeable symptoms such as blind spots and floaters appear the condition is in advanced stages. If you have glaucoma, gonioscopy can help your ophthalmologist see which type of glaucoma you have. Early detection of glaucoma is the best way to prevent vision loss due to the condition. 
  • How glaucoma affects the eyes? In most types of glaucoma, the eye’s drainage system doesn’t work as it should and the clear fluid cannot drain. The excess fluid builds pressure inside the eye. This increased pressure damages the sensitive optic nerve fibres, which if not treated can result in vision loss. 
  • What to expect during the test? For a gonioscopy exam, your eyes will be dilated with eye drops. This is done so that the ophthalmologist can fully examine the health of the optic nerve and retina. Once the pupils are dilated, you will rest your head in the chin holder of a slit-lamp microscope. Through the instrument, your ophthalmologist will look into your eyes. Now, the doctor will direct a beam of light into the lens of the eyes. It is a painless examination. 
  • Should everyone get gonioscopy done? Early signs of vision changes and eye disease often start at around 40. All adults should get a baseline eye screening by an ophthalmologist at 40. Those who have diabetes need eye exams more frequently. Your ophthalmologist will tell you how often to have follow-up exams such as gonioscopy based on the results of this screening. 
  • Who should get gonioscopy done? Some people are considered glaucoma suspects. Their ophthalmologist may recommend gonioscopy and other glaucoma screenings regularly. When it comes to glaucoma, time is of the essence. Regular exams can save your vision.
  • How often should gonioscopy be done? Gonioscopy is suggested every 1 to 5 years, depending on the type of glaucoma. For closed-angle cases, the test is recommended at regular intervals. In open-angle cases, the test is performed at least once a year. 

At Disha Eye Hospitals, we offer high-quality eye care and a wide range of diagnostic and imaging services including gonioscopy. Our team of eye doctors in Kolkata include optometrists, surgeons, ophthalmologists and paediatric ophthalmologists will help you understand your eye condition and will offer the best patient care possible. 

 

What Happens If Cataracts Are Left Untreated?

If you have cataracts, they will get worse over time. Leaving cataracts untreated can not just affect the overall quality of your life but can also lead to complete loss of vision. A World Health Organization report identifies cataracts as one of the leading causes of vision impairment or blindness. Before we try to delve more deeply into the topic,  let us first understand what exactly are cataracts. A cataract is the clouding of the clear eye lens. It occurs when the proteins in the eye lens clump together and prevent the eye from seeing clear images. Cataracts can form in one eye or both and they can progress differently in each one. Over here some of our best eye specialists in Kolkata discuss what are the complications associated with untreated cataracts: 

best eye specialist in kolkata

  • Hypermature cataracts: When cataracts are not timely removed, they can become hyper mature. These cataracts are so dense that they are difficult to remove surgically. Even if surgery is done, results might not be  satisfactory. Early diagnosis of cataracts and their removal thus becomes necessary. 
  • Loss of vision: At first, when a cataract develops, only a small part of the lens  of the eyes is affected. At this stage, you may not even know that you have cataract. As the cataract grows, it is likely to distort your vision. This may lead to noticeable symptoms. When left untreated for too long, it can lead to vision impairment. 
  • Increased risk of glaucoma: Those with cataracts are usually at a higher risk to develop glaucoma. 

How untreated cataracts can affect the quality of life ?

Untreated cataracts can make reading and driving, especially at night, difficult. It can affect your ability to engage in hobbies and sports.  

What should you do if you suspect you have a cataract?

If you notice any vision changes, see an eye specialist without any delay. Your eye specialist will  provide  you with the right information and it will help you  make an informed decision about treatment options. 

What is cataract surgery? 

Cataract surgery involves removal of the damaged lens and then replacing the same with an artificial lens. If you wait too long to get your cataracts removed, they can become hyper-mature, making them more difficult to remove. This can lead to surgery  complications. To achieve the best outcomes, cataract surgery should be done soon after vision problems start developing. In most cases, people resume normal routine within a few days of the surgery. The success rate is high and the complication rate is low.

If you are looking for affordable cataract treatment in West Bengal, visit Disha Eye Hospitals. Some of the best eye specialists in Kolkata will advise you about the best treatment options. 

 

I Have Eye Pain and a Headache. What Should I Do?

People experience eye pain and headache often due to refractive errors or eye strain. If you are experiencing  these symptoms together, it is recommended that you see an eye specialist to get the problem  diagnosed and seek treatment without any delay. Over here  our eye specialists talk about the causes of eye pain and headache and what should you do: 

eye specialist

Causes of eye pain and headache 

  • Digital eye strain: When you’ve been using the computer for a while, it’s normal for your eyes to get tired  – and as a result, you get a headache. Usually, over-the-counter eye drops and a quick nap should relieve the symptoms. In case of digital eye strain, along with eye pain and headache, you may also experience neck tension. 
  • Glaucoma: Glaucoma is a serious condition that can cause eye pain and headaches. The condition damages the optic nerve. This damage is caused due to abnormally high pressure in your eye. If you develop acute angle-closure glaucoma, you are likely to experience bloodshot eyes, blurry vision, along with eye pain and headache. When such symptoms are experienced, you should immediately see an eye specialist to avoid further worsening of eyesight. Glaucoma when not treated for too long can lead to loss of vision. 
  • Optic neuritis: This serious condition necessitates an eye exam. The condition indicates that the optic nerve has swelling or inflammation. In addition to eye pain and headaches, a person with optic neuritis may experience vision loss in one eye, loss of colour vision and flashing lights. This eye condition is serious and if not addressed timely, it can cause lasting damage to your eyes. 
  • Refractive errors: Eye pain and headaches are usually serious, but in some cases, they may be signs of refractive errors such as nearsightedness or farsightedness. These refractive errors may strain your eyes along with causing headaches. Refractive errors are the most common type of vision problem.  An eye specialist will conduct an eye test to detect refractive errors. Prescription glasses are the simplest and safest way to correct refractive errors. Lasik surgery is also performed to correct refractive errors. 

What should I do? 

If you are experiencing eye pain and headaches, don’t try to be your own doctor. See an eye specialist immediately. A comprehensive eye examination can help the eye doctor figure out the cause of these symptoms. 

If you are suffering from Diabetes or high blood pressure and haven’t had an annual comprehensive eye exam for too long,  schedule an appointment with our eye specialists.  

What you need for your appointment with an eye specialist:

 

When you meet an eye specialist, be prepared to answer questions about the symptoms you are experiencing.  Note all the symptoms on a paper so that you do not miss out any. Be ready to give a quick description of your family medical history. Do tell the eye specialist about the medications you are currently taking. 

Can dry eyes be harmful?

Are your eyes itchy, burning and watery? Are you finding it difficult to put your contact lenses on? If you answered yes to any or all of these questions, you may be suffering from dry eyes, a common eye condition. This condition develops when your eyes are unable to produce enough tears for adequate lubrication. Though dry eyes are very common, if left untreated for long it can lead to various complications. To help you avoid serious eye complications, over here we discuss when can dry eyes be harmful: 

  • Eye infections: Without adequate lubrication, your eyes are at an increased risk of eye infection. Untreated dry eyes can cause the inflammation of the conjunctiva. This can lead to a kind of conjunctivitis, which is different from bacterial conjunctivitis. 
  • Difficulty in wearing contact lenses: For contact lenses to feel comfortable, your eyes need to be lubricated adequately. In the absence of enough tear production, contact lenses can become dry. This can lead to eye irritation, burning sensation and redness. This can make wearing and removing contact lenses difficult.
  • Damage to the surface of the eyes: When left untreated for too long, dry eyes can lead to eye inflammation, corneal abrasion and corneal ulcers. If the cornea is affected, you may experience sudden pain, blurry vision, tearing and sensitivity to light. To prevent any damage to the cornea, you must seek treatment for dry eyes. 
  • Decreased quality of life: Depending on the severity of dry eye, you may have difficulty in carrying out daily activities such as reading and driving. In severe cases, it may be even difficult to open your eyes. You may also squint when exposed to glares of the sun or bright light. 

 eye specialist in kolkata

Causes of dry eyes: 

 

  • Ageing: Though anyone can have dry eyes, it is quite common among the elderly as tear production declines with age. Older adults who suffer from medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disorders, vitamin A deficiency and allergic eye disease experience decreased tear production. 

 

  • Hormonal changes: Hormones can play a significant role in  dry eyes. Some women develop dry eye symptoms when they experience hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause. 

 

  • Medications: Certain medications can reduce tear production, contributing to chronic dry eye. If you take medication and experience dryness in the eyes, talk to your doctor. Ask about an alternative medication or a lower dose to help reduce your dry eye.

 

  • Computer use: Spending too much time in front of a computer screen can lead to eyestrain. Staring at a computer without blinking often can also affect your tear production and lead to dry eyes.

 

Treatment for dry eyes 

As dry eyes can have a number of causes, there are different treatment options available. Artificial tears, prescription steroids and punctal plugs are some of the options. Consult some of the best eye specialists in Kolkata who can help you choose the right course of treatment. Though dry eyes are a common problem, it can lead to severe complications if left untreated. 

 

What can an eye specialist detect?

When was the last time you had a comprehensive eye exam? If it has been over a year, then you are due for one. During a comprehensive eye exam, an eye specialist can detect several health problems that may have otherwise gone undetected. These health problems might not be  just limited to eyes. The health of your eyes give the eye specialist an idea about how your blood vessels, nerves and connective tissues are functioning, thus giving an idea about your overall health. 

 eye specialist

Here are 5 common health problems an eye specialist can detect: 

 

  • Diabetes: Your eye health and diabetes have a close relation. High blood sugar levels cause the tiny blood vessels in the eyes to bulge and eventually leak fluid.  An eye specialist can identify diabetes just by looking at the condition of the blood vessels in the eyes during a comprehensive eye exam. Diabetic people often have bulging blood vessels in the eye. Having diabetes also puts a person at the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, glaucoma and diabetic macular edema.  

 

  • High blood pressure: When you have high blood pressure, the blood vessels in the eyes can get damaged. While examining your eyes, an eye specialist can tell if you have high blood pressure.  To keep eye diseases at bay, it is essential that you keep your blood pressure under control. High blood pressure is one of the risk factors for glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and other eye diseases. 

 

  • High cholesterol: High cholesterol can also be detected during a comprehensive eye examination. Deposits in the blood vessels can indicate high cholesterol. 

 

  •  Rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can cause severe pain in the joints. If you think that the effects of  rheumatoid arthritis are limited to joints, then you are wrong.  One of the areas in your body where you might feel the most pain is in your eyes. A comprehensive eye examination can help your eye specialist to spot signs of inflammation in the white parts of the eyes. With therapy  rheumatoid arthritis can be managed, hence it is important to get an accurate diagnosis done so that timely medical help can be sought. 

 

  • Certain types of cancer: There are certain types of cancer that can be detected through a comprehensive eye exam. Blood cancer, leukemia, skin cancer and tissue cancer can be detected through a comprehensive eye exam. Brain tumours can also be diagnosed based on vision changes. 

 

You must remember that the  symptoms discussed above do not necessarily mean that you have a certain health condition. If an eye exam reveals a possible health problem, your eye specialist will ask you to consult a specialist for further testing. 

 

What is a comprehensive eye exam? 

As you can see, a comprehensive eye exam assesses more than just your visual health. A comprehensive eye examination can last up to an hour or more as there are a number of eye tests that are performed. These include visual acuity test, refraction test, slit lamp exam, pupil dilation test and eye movement test.  We at Disha Eye Hospitals have a complete set-up for diagnostic and imaging services

 

 

 

FAQs On Optic Nerve Damage

Like other parts of the eye, the optic nerve too can be damaged. It is the optic nerve that carries visual information from the eye to the brain. Damage to the optic nerve can lead to vision loss. The type of vision loss and its severity depends on where the damage occurs. Over here  our eye specialists in Kolkata have answered the most frequently asked questions on optic nerve damage: 

 optic nerve damage

  • Can optic nerve damage be treated? Yes, there are treatments that can prevent the condition from worsening further. However, there is no treatment to restore lost sight. The treatment and precautions depend on the cause of the optic nerve damage. 
  • How does the optic nerve get damaged? Optic nerve damage is a critical condition and there can be many causes behind it. The causes can be categorised into two forms —
  1. Optic nerve damage caused by trauma or injury 
  2. Optic nerve damage caused due to medical condition: Stroke of the eye, blood clot, cerebral aneurysm, stroke, subarachnoid haemorrhage (a type of bleeding around the brain) and inflammation of blood vessels in the head are some of the conditions that can cause optic nerve damage. Common eye diseases such as glaucoma, optic neuritis and optic nerve atrophy can also lead to optic nerve damage. 
  • How do you know if you have optic nerve damage? Common symptoms of optic nerve damage include severe eye pain, redness in the eyes, headaches, nausea and vomiting and pain when moving the eye. These symptoms may also be present with other eye conditions, so a diagnosis by an eye specialist is needed. Optic nerve damage can be detected through a comprehensive eye examination. Your eye specialist may recommend more tests such as an MRI scan, tomography and blood tests to know the underlying cause of the damage. 
  • Does optic nerve damage cause blindness? Yes, if optic nerve damage is left untreated for long, it can lead to loss of vision. As the optic nerve links the brain with the eyes, vision is affected. Vision loss is common with optic nerve damage. Loss of colour vision is also a common occurrence with the condition. Seeking medical treatment can help symptoms from worsening. 
  • Is there a surgery for the optic nerve? Surgery may be recommended to reduce the pressure around the optic nerve. The surgery may not restore vision but it can help prevent the vision from worsening further. 
  • Can stress damage optic nerves? High levels of stress can cause pressure on the optic nerve, resulting in blurred vision. 
  • How long does the optic nerve take to heal? The healing time totally depends upon the cause. Using a corrective lens, adopting a healthy lifestyle and incorporating proper exercise and healthy food can be immensely helpful along with proper treatment. 

 

At Disha Eye Hospitals, our neuro-ophthalmology unit has some of the highly-experienced eye specialists in Kolkata on board. The highly competent team of eye specialists and surgeons help treat several optic nerve disorders that include ischaemia, eye injury, photophobia optic neuritis and optic nerve atrophy. We have a complete set up for diagnosis and treatment. To book an appointment, visit here

 

FAQs and their answers on ptosis

Drooping eyelids are not just signs of ageing. It can be because of ptosis, a condition when the upper eyelid droops over the eye. The condition causes the eyelid to cover a part of the pupil and thus obstructing normal vision.

ptosis

Children and adults both can have ptosis. As one of the leading eye hospitals with some of the best eye specialists on board, we have curated the list of FAQs and their answers on ptosis that you will find helpful: 

 

  • What is ptosis of the eye? Droopy eyelid is called ptosis. It can occur due to trauma, age, or various medical disorders. When it affects one eye it is referred to as unilateral and when it affects both eyes it is called bilateral ptosis. 

 

  • What causes ptosis in one eye? If just one eyelid droops, it may be a result of a nerve problem. An eye surgery gone wrong could also be the reason for ptosis in one eye.  

 

  • What causes ptosis in both the eyes? If both the eyelids are drooping, it can be a sign of an underlying medical condition. Stroke, brain tumour, or cancer of the nerves or muscles are some of the medical conditions that can lead to ptosis on both the eyes. 

 

  • What are the symptoms of ptosis? The main symptom of ptosis is a drooping eyelid. The condition is not painful but it can obstruct the vision. Along with droopy eyelids, the eyes are either extremely dry or watery.  The area around the eyes may experience aching, giving a tired look. Those with severe ptosis will have to lift their heads to see better. 

 

  • Can children get ptosis? Yes, some children are born with the condition. In infants and children, usually, the cause of ptosis is a nerve problem. Other reasons for children developing ptosis are trauma at birth,  eye movement disorders and eyelid tumours. Children who suffer from congenital ptosis may also develop amblyopia, commonly known as lazy eye. This disorder can limit their vision. To prevent lazy eye, surgery may be done.  If the vision is not affected, surgery can wait till the child turns 3 or 4. 

 

  • How is ptosis diagnosed? An eye specialist will likely perform a physical exam. Some eye tests will also be done to find the underlying cause of ptosis.

 

  • Can you fix ptosis? Yes, ptosis can be treated. An eye specialist may recommend surgery to lift up the eyelid in a position that it is not interfering with the vision. To prevent the onset of lazy eye in children due to ptosis, the eye specialist may recommend surgery. Non-surgical treatment options include ptosis crutch prevents drooping by holding the eyelid in place.

Treatment for ptosis

At  Disha Eye Hospital, the department of orbit and oculoplasty has a team highly trained eye specialists, oculoplastic and orbital surgeons. We also provide crutch  spectacles for rehabilitation of patients with ptosis.

Diabetes and eyes: important facts presented by some of the best eye specialists in Kolkata

High blood sugar can lead to various eye-related problems like blurry vision, cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. However, by keeping your blood sugar levels in check, you can significantly lower the risks of such eye health-related complications. As one of the leading eye hospitals in Kolkata, our eye specialists have curated important risks associated with diabetes and eye health: 

Diabetes and eyes: important facts presented by some of the best eye specialists in Kolkata

  • Risk 1. Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common causes of vision loss. Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics stand at high risk for the onset of Diabetic Retinopathy. High blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels of the retina, leading to blurry vision and other symptoms. The problem with diabetic retinopathy is that at first, it doesn’t show many symptoms or there are only mild vision problems. The most important part of your treatment is to keep your diabetes under control. Surgery may be recommended to treat the growth of new blood vessels in the retina. 

 

  • Risk 2: People with diabetes are at higher risk of developing cataracts. Though the exact reason is not fully understood, people with diabetes develop cataracts that cause blurring of vision. When cataracts prevent you from performing your daily activities like reading or driving, surgery is recommended. During the surgery, the clouded lens is replaced with an artificial lens. 

 

  • Risk 3: People with diabetes are more prone to eye infections. People with type 1 diabetes are more vulnerable to get conjunctivitis than those who don’t suffer from diabetes. Those with type 2 diabetes are also at higher risk of eye infections. Besides conjunctivitis, individuals with diabetes are also prone to acute infections like blepharitis and styes. 

 

  • Risk 4: Diabetes can also cause glaucoma. Diabetes causes pressure to build up inside the eyes when the fluid cannot drain the way it should. As a result, it can damage nerves and blood vessels, causing changes in vision. 

 

  • Risk 5: People suffering from diabetes are more likely to develop glaucoma compared to non-diabetics. On the other hand, people having a certain type of glaucoma are also at risk of developing diabetes. A person having open-angle glaucoma is more prone to develop diabetes than a person without eye disease. Diabetic people are more likely to develop glaucoma after they have developed diabetic retinopathy. 

 

How to prevent diabetic eye diseases? 

Now, that you are aware that having diabetes puts you at a higher risk of developing certain eye diseases, it is important that you take preventive measures to preserve your vision. Here are a few important things you should do to reduce your risk of developing diabetic eye diseases: 

 

  • Get your eyes tested every year: Most of the diabetic eye diseases do not show any symptoms in the early stages. A dilated eye exam allows your ophthalmologist to examine the health of the retina and optic nerve. Regularly monitoring your eyes’ health is the best way to seek medical treatment before the disease reaches an advanced stage.

 

  • Keep sugar levels in check: It goes without saying that maintaining good control of your blood sugar helps prevent these problems. If you are prone to type 2 diabetes through hereditary, you need to be more cautious to keep your blood sugar levels in control. 

 

  • Quit smoking: If you smoke, your risk for diabetes and therefore, diabetic eye diseases is higher.

 

  • Exercise and diet: Regular exercise and avoiding food that could increase blood sugar levels is the simplest and most effective way to control your diabetes.

If you are suffering from Diabetes, consult our eye specialists in Kolkata. You can book an online consultation or visit your nearest Disha Hospitals branch.