If you have cataracts, they will get worse over time. Leaving cataracts untreated can not just affect the overall quality of your life but can also lead to complete loss of vision. A World Health Organization report identifies cataracts as one of the leading causes of vision impairment or blindness. Before we try to delve more deeply into the topic, let us first understand what exactly are cataracts. A cataract is the clouding of the clear eye lens. It occurs when the proteins in the eye lens clump together and prevent the eye from seeing clear images. Cataracts can form in one eye or both and they can progress differently in each one. Over here some of our best eye specialists in Kolkata discuss what are the complications associated with untreated cataracts:
- Hypermature cataracts: When cataracts are not timely removed, they can become hyper mature. These cataracts are so dense that they are difficult to remove surgically. Even if surgery is done, results might not be satisfactory. Early diagnosis of cataracts and their removal thus becomes necessary.
- Loss of vision: At first, when a cataract develops, only a small part of the lens of the eyes is affected. At this stage, you may not even know that you have cataract. As the cataract grows, it is likely to distort your vision. This may lead to noticeable symptoms. When left untreated for too long, it can lead to vision impairment.
- Increased risk of glaucoma: Those with cataracts are usually at a higher risk to develop glaucoma.
How untreated cataracts can affect the quality of life ?
Untreated cataracts can make reading and driving, especially at night, difficult. It can affect your ability to engage in hobbies and sports.
What should you do if you suspect you have a cataract?
If you notice any vision changes, see an eye specialist without any delay. Your eye specialist will provide you with the right information and it will help you make an informed decision about treatment options.
What is cataract surgery?
Cataract surgery involves removal of the damaged lens and then replacing the same with an artificial lens. If you wait too long to get your cataracts removed, they can become hyper-mature, making them more difficult to remove. This can lead to surgery complications. To achieve the best outcomes, cataract surgery should be done soon after vision problems start developing. In most cases, people resume normal routine within a few days of the surgery. The success rate is high and the complication rate is low.