Eye Diseases and Eye Laser Treatment: A Useful Guide

India has one of the highest number of visual impairment cases in the world. In a recent study conducted by AIIMS New Delhi, it was found that nearly 25 per cent of people above the age of 60 years suffered from visual impairment. In addition to cataract, a number of other eye diseases are becoming increasingly common in India.

Certain eye diseases occur with age whereas others are hereditary. Over here we discuss how different eye diseases can be treated with eye laser treatment.

1.Cataract – When the clear lens located behind the pupil and iris get clouded, one complains of blurred vision. If left untreated, the lens will turn opaque, which means the patient can go blind. Symptoms of cataracts include: hazy vision, double vision, increased sensitivity to light and glare, trouble seeing at night and frequent changes in the glasses/lenses prescription. Cataracts can normally be cured with a surgery where the cloudy lens is replaced with an artificial plastic lens.

eye laser treatment

The latest and one of the most smooth ways of treating Cataracts is through the Femto laser cataract removal, which is a blameless and higher precision surgery. At Disha Eye Hospitals, we offer femtosecond laser cataract treatment with the most cutting-edge technology.

Glaucoma – It’s a group of diseases which damage the optic nerve at the back of the eyes. There are several types of glaucoma and amongst them open- angle glaucoma is themost common glaucoma type. There are usually no early warning signs of open-angle glaucoma. It starts slowly and gradually damages the optic nerve. The loss of sight caused due to this type of glaucoma is gradual. It can be controlled using eye drops and medications. When medications do not work, open-angle glaucoma is treated by laser. In many cases, where eye drops can’t be used, the laser treatment is often the first mode of therapy. With the laser surgery, Intraocular pressure can be reduced.

2.Refractive errors: They are one of the most common types of vision problems. They are caused by irregularity in the size and shape of the eyes. The main types of refractive errors are myopia, hypermetropia, presbyopia and astigmatism. Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is the inability to see distant objects clearly. Hyperopia, also known as farsightedness, occurs when one can see the distant objects clearly but find it difficult to see the nearby objects. In astigmatism, people have problems seeing objects that are near and far away. In presbyopia, you find it difficult to focus up close. At Disha Eye Hospitals, we offer femto laser for refractive surgery – it’s also known as bladeless lasik as it uses laser for splitting the corneal layer. To know more about our laser eye treatment, visit here


How do you know whether laser surgery is right for you or not?


Well, there are several conditions that your eye doctor or eye surgeon will talk to you about. Some of these conditions are:


  • You should not be pregnant or nursing
  • Your eye prescription should be stable
  • Your overall health condition should be good
  • You should not be on certain prescription medicines


When you select Disha Eye Hospitals for laser eye treatment, you can rest assured that you or your loved one will receive the best quality treatment and care, https://buyzolpideminsomnia.com. We use advanced laser equipment to provide supreme accuracy in our eye treatments. With 15+ branches, 90+ doctors and 1,000,000+ successful surgeries we pride ourselves on delivering the best experience and treatment results when it comes to eye health care.

A Useful Guide To Your Child’s Eyes

Mrs Anita Banerjee had begun noticing that for several weeks now her 7-year old son was sitting too close to the TV. Her repeated scolding changed nothing and just as she was beginning to get frustrated, one day she noticed him holding a book too close to his eyes. She realised something is not right. She observed her son for a few more days only to find him struggling to do activities that needed near vision. She finally took him to Disha Eye Hospital Teghoria VIP Road. The eye doctor confirmed that her son indeed needed eyeglasses.


Children often find it difficult to articulate the exact difficulty they are facing, and many parents like Mrs Banerjee do not realise that just like an adult a child also needs an annual eye examination. Even though several parents make the effort to visit their paediatrician regularly, they fail to realise that visiting a paediatrician for a general checkup is not the same as visiting an eye specialist. Be it reading, writing or playing games, a child needs good eyesight to succeed and feel confident. It is, therefore, important to get your child’s eyes checked by an eye doctor regularly.

Here’s a useful guide that will help you understand better whether your kid has an  eye problem or not


  • Infants

The first couple of years are the most crucial in ensuring that your baby faces least vision problems as they grow. Babies are not born with all the visual abilities and they develop them as they grow older.

For the first few months of their life, they do not have very good vision. They are more sensitive to bolder colours like black and white. By the time they are 5 to 6 months, they should be able to focus their eyes on particular objects. They should also be able to track moving objects. Usually, infants are born with healthy vision but sometimes there can be problems. Till your baby turns one, he or she should be routinely screened for eye health during checkups with the paediatrician. Infants born premature and those with a family history of eye problems should get their eyes examined by a specialist. .


Some of the common symptoms of eye problems can be:

  • Misaligned eyes
  • White glimmer in the eyes (this can be spotted in photos)
  • Watery eyes
  • Drooping eyelids
  • Eyes not following you around in the room
  • Not tracking moving objects


  • 2 to 5 years

As children start going to school, they face increasing demands on their visual abilities. It is best to have your child’s vision tested before they start kindergarten or preschool. This is all the more important if the child’s siblings have vision issues. Common symptoms of eye problems:

  • Sitting close to the TV or holding a book too close
  • Squinting
  • Covering an eye
  • Frequently rubbing their eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Poor eye-hand coordination
  • Avoiding colouring activities and detailed activities


Even if no serious problems are identified in the child’s eyes at this stage, kids should have eye exams at least once every two years going forward. With increasing screen time, early exposure of children to mobiles, laptops and television, it is important that parents notice the small signs and act towards preventive care of their child’s eyes.


If you think your child is facing any of the above-mentioned problems, consult the eye doctors at  Disha Eye Hospitals and seek the best eye treatment in Kolkata. Students with eye problems often struggle with learning. Regular eye checkup will give your child a better chance at treatment. The hospital has a dedicated paediatric unit that deals with eye diseases, vision care and visual development of children.


7 Things to Know About Eye Twitching

Wondering what could it mean if your eyes twitch? Your eyes could twitch out of nowhere, and it may seem strange. However, if it lasts for a few minutes and goes away on its own then it is not a matter of concern. In the doctor’s lingo, twitching of eyes is called myokymia. Usually, it is the lower eyelid that twitches but sometimes upper eyelid could also twitch. A twitching eye is harmless and rarely painful, but if a twitching eye lasts more than a week or a month then it could be signalling a serious neurological condition.

When to see an eye specialist?

Eye twitching is usually benign but if it persists over a week or if you are having a double vision or facial contractions, you must seek medical attention at the earliest. If you are in Kolkata, let the best eye specialists at Disha Eye Hospitals help you with the condition.

Diabetic Retinopathy in Kolkata
Image Source: Medical News Today

Let’s take a look at the things that may trigger eye twitching and what could be done about it:

  1. Dry eyes: Dry eyes are one of the most common causes of eye twitching. With people spending almost every waking hour in front of the screen, dry eyes have become a very common condition. Dry eyes itself are caused by a number of factors. Dry eyes can often lead to eyelid spasms, causing the eyes to twitch. Over-the-counter artificial tears can help you ease the eye strain that may have triggered eye twitching. Besides, you can also try to reduce your screen time.
  2. Stress: Your eyes may twitch if you are under stress. Like many other signs, eye twitching is also a biological warning sign to your body asking you to take a backseat and relax. If your eyes are twitching continuously, then try performing relaxation exercises like yoga or meditation or indulge in fun exercises that help you de-stress. If reducing stress does not alleviate the twitches, consult a doctor.
  3. Alcohol, caffeine and nicotine: Excess intake of caffeine, alcohol or nicotine can trigger eye twitching. Switching to decaffeinated coffee and limiting (or completely abstaining) your consumption of these items can help in reducing the eye twitching. However, after cutting back on these items, if your eyes continue to twitch then you must seek a doctor’s advice.
  4. Allergies: If you are allergic to certain items, then your eyes may get itchy, watery and swollen due to contact with allergens. If you rub your eyes in that situation, your body releases a chemical called histamine which can cause your eyelids to twitch. Though there are many antihistamine eye drops available, it would be advisable to seek an eye specialist’s opinion as antihistamine eye drops can cause dry eyes.
  5. Fatigue: If you have been pulling all-nighters at work, then chances are, that lack of sleep is causing your eyes to twitch. Catching up on your sleep with http://www.papsociety.org/ambien-zolpidem-10-mg/ can help you do away with the problem.
  6. Remedy: Eye specialists can help you with eye drops that can ease minor eye twitching. There’s no cure for benign eye twitching, however, doctors can recommend treatment to make it less severe.
  7. Nervous system disorders: In rare cases, eye twitching may signal certain nervous system disorders like Bell’s palsy, dystonia, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease and Tourette syndrome. However, eye twitching may not be the only visible symptoms. These disorders are often accompanied by other signs and symptoms.

Disha Eye Hospitals, provide treatment for diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, cataract, uveitis, squint and corneal diseases at affordable prices. To know more about our services, visit http://www.dishaeye.org/.

Keeping Your Eyes Healthy With Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is treated as a serious eye condition, wherein the condition of the small central area of the retina, called the macula, begins deteriorating. As there is no cure available for macular degeneration, eye specialists may help in delaying its progress or severity. The condition should be seen as urgent because macular degeneration could lead to blindness and there may not be an option to prevent it. Making necessary changes in lifestyle could delay its onset or reduce its severity. We shall discuss a few habits that you could develop to keep your eyes healthy in case you have macular degeneration:

  1. Eat healthy:  maintaining a diet consisting of fruits and leafy vegetables, such as spinach, mustard greens, cabbage, and turnip greens are beneficial for people with macular degeneration, or if they are at the risk of developing such a condition.

eat healthy for eye

Vitamins found in fresh fruits like oranges provide nutrients to blood vessels in the eyes. The key to good eye health, in particular, and good health, in general, is to eat a variety of whole, unprocessed foods on a regular basis. It is advisable to avoid junk food, processed items, and beverages that contain high sugar, and snacks that are too salty. 

  1. Quit smoking: every cigarette you smoke endangers your vision. You put yourself at a high risk of increasing the severity of macular degeneration.

Diabetic Retinopathy in Kolkata

Smoking reduces blood supply to the eyes, making them prone to diseases like cataract, diabetic retinopathy, and uveitis. Tobacco is something you could regulate, cut down on, or quit completely, and it important to do so for the sake of healthy eyes.  

  1. Exercise: Obesity could put you at a higher risk of developing advanced forms of macular degeneration. Therefore, maintaining a healthy weight and keeping yourself physically active will not only keep your eyes healthy but will be beneficial for your health in general. Apart from proving to be harmful to people with macular degeneration, obesity has also been linked with age-related cataract, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy. 
  2. Keep your blood pressure in control: High blood pressure could damage blood vessels in the retina which increases your chances of developing eye problems. If left untreated, high blood pressure may lead to eye diseases, causing irreversible damage to your eyes. Same as smoking, high blood pressure restricts oxygen from reaching your eyes. The best way to reduce your blood pressure is to watch your waistline, limit your salt intake, and eat a well-balanced diet. 
  3. Take multivitamins:  Taking vitamins and minerals in the form of supplements can help you obtain all the nutrients that you may need and your diet is unable to provide. However, before taking any sort of supplement, you must ask your ophthalmologist. Different supplements have different purposes. Let your ophthalmologist prescribe you supplements that suit your specific health needs.
  4. Shield your eyes:  Sun exposure is considered to be a risk factor in the case of macular degeneration. Though there is no concrete evidence to support this statement, it is good to keep your eyes protected from UV rays. Wearing a pair of sunglasses with UV protection is advisable whenever you step outdoors.     

Looking for eye specialists in Kolkata? 

Maintain your eye health by going for regular check-ups. Let the best eye specialists at Disha Eye Hospitals, one of the leading eye hospitals in West Bengal, help diagnose your problem and help you with the treatment. Disha offers treatment for diabetic retinopathy, cataract and various other eye conditions. To book an appointment online, visit http://www.dishaeye.org/contact-us

Eye Pain: Ocular and Orbital

You may have experienced eye pain at some point in your life. Some of them are caused due to minor problems, and they go away without needing any medication, while some problems need the attention of an eye specialist. Eye pain can be a symptom of a wide range of problems; a sign of something as plain as refractive error or a sight-threatening condition like glaucoma. Therefore, you should not ignore eye pain even if it is mild. The pain could be categorized into two types: ocular, and orbital pain. Ocular pain is one that you experience on the eye’s surface whereas orbital pain occurs within the eye. Depending upon the accompanying symptoms, your doctor will determine the cause of your pain and discomfort, and recommend a suitable treatment plan.

Ocular pain

Ocular pain refers to the pain that you experience on the surface of the eye. The pain is often accompanied by sensations of itching and burning.  You may experience ocular pain because of irritation caused due to a foreign particle, infection, or trauma. This kind of eye pain is usually treated with eye drops and other medicines.

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Causes of ocular pain

  • Foreign object: One of the most common causes of ocular pain is when a foreign object like a piece of dirt, a tiny twig or use of eye cosmetics causes infection around the eyes.

  • Conjunctivitis: It is one of the most common eye infections that affects the front of the eye and the underside of the eyelid. It causes mild pain but it is quite uncomfortable. The eye pain due to conjunctivitis is often accompanied by a burning sensation.

  • Sty: It is an eye infection that causes a bump on the eyelid. It is quite painful and often the area around the bump becomes swollen.

  • Eye irritation: There are various factors that can cause eye irritation. And one of them is wearing dirty contact lenses. Also,exposure to irritants such as bleach and pollen can cause eyes to pain.

Orbital pain

Eye pain that is experienced within the eye is called orbital pain. If you are suffering from orbital pain, you will feel excruciating pain. Orbital pain should not be ignored as it can be a sign of a serious eye disease and it requires proper eye treatment.

  • Glaucoma: The condition can cause eye pain, along with headache and nausea. In the case of an acute-angle-closure glaucoma eye pressure inside the eye increases leading to pain. Glaucoma, when left untreated for long, can lead to loss of vision.

  • Optic neuritis: When the nerve connecting the back of the eyeball to the brain, known as the optic nerve, becomes inflamed, you may experience eye pain along with changes in vision.

There are many other eye conditions that could cause you an eye pain, in which case you must consult an eye specialist. Seeing an eye doctor will help you with the diagnosis and they may recommend a treatment accordingly. In the case of eye pain along with loss of vision or blurry vision or sudden change in vision, treat it as is a sign of emergency and seek immediate medical attention.

Disha Eye Hospitals, provide the best eye treatment in Kolkata, as well as other parts of West Bengal at an amazingly affordable cost. We have branches in several locations in West Bengal. We believe that patients are our first priority. As a measure to fight the present situation (COVID-19),and function efficiently, we have begun an online consultation service, so that your eyes are taken care of, even when you are social distancing.

Why Does Your Eye Hurt When You Blink?

Did you know that on an average you blink 28,800 times a day?  Blinking is an ordinary bodily function that nourishes the eyes and hydrates them with oxygen and other nutrients. You hardly feel anything when you blink. So, you might be wondering if there is something the matter with your eyes when you blink? There are several possible causes for pain when blinking. While some conditions may require medical attention, some may disappear on their own.

We shall discuss some elementary reasons why your eyes could hurt while blinking:

1. Injury: The eyes are very sensitive organs and even small debris or tiny dust particles could get into the eyes and cause injury. Any kind of trauma like overexposure to chemicals, physical injury, or vigorous rubbing of the eyes could also cause pain while blinking. When such a thing happens, it is best to see an eye doctor who may prescribe eye drops to relieve the pain.

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2. Infections: Several infections like conjunctivitis and stye could cause the eyes to swell, resulting in pain when blinking. Stye could also lead to swollen eyelids. Though conjunctivitis is easily treatable, it is quite contagious. Both conjunctivitis and stye clear up in a week or so with no long-term vision damage. Tear duct infection is another reason why your eyes hurt while blinking. It is a condition where your tear ducts are blocked, leaving you with watery and irritated eyes. The corner of the eyes may hurt when you blink. Antibiotic eye drops or ointment can help in treating the infection.

3. Inflammations: There are different kinds of eye inflammation that cause pain while blinking. To name one- blepharitis. It is an eyelid inflammation that usually affects both the eyes. This causes redness and your eyes will hurt when you blink. Eye ulcers also cause eye pain when blinking. Eye ulcers occur when the cornea is inflamed. The inflammation is caused due to an infection or an abrasion.

4. Dry eye syndrome: When you blink, your eyes produce tears that lubricate the eyes. However, in the absence of sufficient lubrication, your eyes are dry and they hurt when you blink. Along with the pain, you may also experience burning sensation and itchiness. Dry eye syndrome is a common eye problem that can be treated with artificial tears. You should also take frequent breaks while working on the computer. Reducing screen time can help you prevent dry eye syndrome.

5. Optic neuritis: The optic nerve is the nerve that connects your eyes to the brain. An eye disease or an infection can cause swelling in the optic nerve, leading to pain when you blink your eyes or move your eyes. It generally affects one eye at a time and can cause temporary loss of vision. Once the inflammation heals, the vision restores to its former health. On the basis of physical examination and symptoms, the doctor could confirm whether you have optic neuritis or not. It’s best to address all signs of eye pain without any delay.

When should you see an eye doctor?

If you are experiencing pain when blinking with no obvious injury, you should see an eye doctor at the earliest. If your eye pain is accompanied by a sudden change in vision, then it is a medical emergency. Visit your nearest Disha Eye hospital. We are committed to providing the best eye treatment in Bengal at an affordable price. We have the best team of eye specialists on board who are on duty even in the face of a pandemic. In addition to that, you could also consult them online.

6 FAQs About Common Eye Diseases And Their Answers

A popular saying goes that the eyes are the window to the soul, but what many of us miss, is that the eyes are also clues to a person’s health. Taking a mere look into someone’s eyes, doctors could tell the condition of their arteries, veins and nerves – which acts as good indications of a person’s general health. We shall discuss some common questions on eye conditions, and how you could better understand the symptoms. So, read on!

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Question 1: What’s a refractive error?

Answer: Refractive error is an eye condition when the eye is unable to properly bend and focus light on the retina. When the light bends incorrectly, and is focused in front of the retina, the person has myopia (nearsightedness). When the light is focused behind the retina, the person has hyperopia (farsightedness).  Astigmatism is another refractive error caused by uneven shaped cornea. At Disha Eye Hospitals, refractive surgeries are performed in order to correct refractive errors and reduce a person’s dependency on glasses or contact lenses.

Question 2: What is a cataract?

Answer: The lens is the clear structure in the eye that focuses on entering light. As people age, a normally clear lens becomes cloudy. This cloudiness is called cataract. A cataract can block incoming light and affect vision in many ways.

Question 3: What are the symptoms of cataracts?

Answer: Cataracts can cause different symptoms for different people. During the early stages, a mild cataract may not signal any symptoms. But with time, as the cloudiness progresses, less light enters the eye and people start experiencing symptoms such as

  • Poor night vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Glare on bright days/ at night, while driving
  • Frequent changes in eyeglass prescriptions
  • Seeing halo around lights
  • Double visionHere’s a useful read on symptoms of cataract to help you remain aware of the illness.

    If you want to know more about cataract treatment in kolkata and other parts of West Bengal, contact us As a precautionary measure during the Covid-19 pandemic, we encourage you to consult with our doctors online. To know more, click here

    Question 4: What is glaucoma? And who gets glaucoma?

    Answer: Glaucoma occurs when the pressure of the fluid in the eye increases, leading to damage of the optic nerve and loss of vision, and possibly, blindness. Patients with diabetes and advanced retinopathy stand at a higher risk of glaucoma. You can read about more risk factors here

    Question 5: What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

    Answer: At first, there are no symptoms – which is why glaucoma is often called the “silent thief of sight”. As the condition progresses, the patient may notice his/her side vision worsen over the period of time, even if the central vision functions perfectly. In many cases, the loss of peripheral vision goes unnoticed by the patient. If left untreated, the patient may gradually lose their central vision.

    Question 6: What is diabetic retinopathy? What are its symptoms?

    Answer: Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease that affects patients suffering from uncontrolled diabetes. In this condition, the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina are damaged. Due to the damage, the blood vessels swell and leak. There are two stages of diabetic retinopathy: – Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. You can learn about these stages here . There are often no symptoms until the later stage of the disease. If you are a diabetic, then you must go for an annual eye check-up. If you experience blurred vision, floaters, dark spots, impaired colour vision, visit your nearest eye hospital immediately.

7 Things To Know About Eye Scratches

Eye scratches could have a minor impact or a serious one, depending on its cause. As in the case of other injuries in the eye, eye scratches should not remain neglected. Taking proper steps to treat them, ensure their safety and keep infections at bay.

Listed below are 7 important things to know about eye scratches:


1) If you get a scratch in your eye, rinse it

Some people unthinkingly rub their eyes after a minor scratch, but this is not a good practice. The right action is to gently rinse the scratched eye with water. Doing this would help you wash away the tiny foreign substance that may have entered your eye, thereby preventing the risk of further eye scratches.

Apart from rinsing the scratched eye, it is also encouraged to get the injury checked, in order to lower the risk of infections. You could have them treated by one of the eye specialists at Disha Eye Hospitals; one of the best eye hospitals in Kolkata. Disha houses a team of highly-qualified and well-experienced eye doctors who do their best to provide instant relief.

2) How eye scratches occur

There are several ways in which eye scratches could come about. Some of the very common ones are physical injuries (e.g. a blow in the eye or being hit by a ball in the eye), wearing contact lenses carelessly, using an eye make-up applicator in the inner eyelid, wearing false lashes, spending time in a dusty environment, etc.

 3) Symptoms of eye scratches

A spot of blood in the eye and a scratched line are two of the most common symptoms that appear in case of eye scratches. Other symptoms may include irritation (something that is stuck in the eye), pain, sensitivity to light, blurred vision and headache.

 4) Complications of eye scratches

The medical term for eye scratch is corneal abrasion. If left untreated, corneal abrasion could lead to serious complications such as traumatic iritis, corneal ulcers, recurrent erosion syndrome, and bacterial keratitis.

5) Lowering the risk of eye scratches

The main determinants that lead to an eye scratch could be avoided. Some of the effective steps to lower the chance of eye scratches are: avoiding to wear contact lenses when sleeping, avoiding to touch the eyes frequently, wearing eye protection when engaged in injury-prone outdoor activities and avoiding dusty environment.

6) Dos of treating eye scratches

When treating your eye scratch, make sure to apply eye drops and/or ointment as prescribed by your doctor to lower the risk of infection, and make possible fast healing. Make sure not to strain your eyes by looking at the computer and mobile phone screen for long hours.

7) Healing time for an eye scratch

Minor eye scratches normally heal on their own and within a short period of time. However, serious eye scratches take more time to heal. An eye doctor can help you shorten the healing time for your eye scratch with the right treatment option.

The specialists at Disha Eye Hospitals could aid you in treating your eye scratch in the correct way, keeping the risk of further complications at bay. To book an appointment online, visit http://www.dishaeye.org/appointment

Common Retinal Diseases

Retinal complications are one of the most serious types of eye diseases. This is because the retina contains light-sensing tissues which convert light into neural signals which are sent to the brain via the optic nerve.

If you are facing difficulty and seeing blind spots in vision, or experiencing sensitivity to bright lights, these can be early symptoms of retinal disease. Make sure to consult with an eye doctor to get the symptoms diagnosed at the earliest.

Common retinal diseases

Our eye care team at Disha Eye Hospitals has some of the best eye doctors in Kolkata. Book an appointment online with one of our eye specialists at http://www.dishaeye.org/organic/ and get your eye diagnosed.

Here are some of the common and serious retinal diseases:

1) Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy is one of the most serious vision-impairing retinal diseases; without proper treatment, eye disease causes permanent blindness. As the name of the eye disease suggests, Diabetic Retinopathy is associated with Diabetes.

The high blood sugar levels linked with Diabetes causes changes in the tiny blood vessels of the retina and causes them to bleed and leak fluid. This, in turn, leads to vision blurriness. Some of the common symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy include seeing floaters and small spots, loss of central vision, and seeing black spots. Treatment options for Diabetic Retinopathy includes a diabetes management plan, vitrectomy, scatter laser treatment, and focal laser treatment.

2) Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration is another common and serious eye diseases linked to the retina. The eye complication occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow into the macula and leak blood or fluid, interfering with the function of the retina.

Some of the biggest risk factors of macular degeneration include age, obesity, smoking, cardiovascular diseases, and family history of eye disease. Visual distortions, haziness in vision, blurry spot in the field of vision, and reduced central vision are some of the common symptoms of Macular Degeneration. Medicinal supplements, laser treatment, and photodynamic therapy are some of the common treatments of Macular Degeneration.

3) Macular Hole

Macular Hole is a term to describe the formation of a small hole in the macula. The hole forms a blind spot in the central vision as it grows in size. One of the common reasons why macular hole occurs is due to detachment of the vitreous from the retina. When the vitreous detaches, it causes the macula to stretch which leads to the formation of a hole.

Eye injury, retinal detachment, extreme nearsightedness, and diabetic eye diseases are the other causes of a macular hole. Some of the common symptoms of macular hole include blurry central vision, distorted vision, seeing straight lines as wavy, and a spot in the field of vision.

4) Retinal Detachment

Retinal Detachment is a serious eye problem where the retina detaches from the back portion of the eye. The separation of the retina, in turn, leads to vision impairment. Retinal detachment can lead to complete vision loss if left untreated; as it is a medical emergency, delaying the treatment can worsen it and lead to serious complications.

Some of the common symptoms of retinal detachment include seeing floaters, seeing sudden flashes of light, partial vision loss, and blurriness in vision. Treatment options that eye doctors choose for retinal detachment include vitrectomy, scleral buckling, retinopexy, cryopexy, and photocoagulation.

High-quality eye treatment at affordable cost

We, at Disha Eye Hospitals, provide high-quality LASIK surgery, vitrectomy, laser surgery, and cataract surgery in Kolkata at an affordable cost. Learn more about our eye care services at http://www.dishaeye.org/.

Are Sunglasses Good for Children?

If there’s one activity that children love to do, it’s playing out in the sun. Outdoor activities are essential during the formative years of a child. Alas, being exposed to the sun for a long period has its disadvantages. Overexposure increases the risk of eye complications such as pterygium (surfer’s eye) and photokeratitis (snow blindness). Wearing sunglasses could protect their eyes against the harmful rays of the sun.

Here’s why sunglasses are good for children:

Children are more susceptible to ultraviolet eye damage

Compared to adults, children stand at a greater risk of eye damage caused by ultraviolet (UV) rays present in sunlight. The fluids, lens and cornea are clearer in children’s eyes, as a result of which, they permit more sunlight.

Are sunglasses good for children

Prolonged exposure to the UV rays increases the risk of a number of eye complications in adults as well as children. They are:

  • Pterygium: Is a benign growth of a fleshy, pinkish tissue in the conjunctiva, the outer white part of the eyes. If left untreated, Pterygium can worsen, cover the pupils, and lead to vision impairment

  • Pinguecula: A couple of small non-cancerous growths develop on the conjunctiva. The growths have a yellowish appearance and look like raised patches

  • Photokeratitis: This eye complication arises when UV rays damage the outer surface of the cornea. Some of the symptoms of Photokeratitis include redness, sensitivity to bright light, frequent tearing, and swelling of the eyes

  • Cataract: Cataracts occur when protein in the lens starts forming clumps. With time, the protein clumps grow in size and cloud the lens which, in turn, leads to vision impairment. Disha Eye Hospitals has won acclaim for performing high-quality cataract surgeries in Kolkata.

How to choose the right sunglasses for your children?

While choosing sunglasses for your little ones, it’s best not to restrict your choice to shape/ colour alone. Always search for the pair that come with UVA and UVB protection. Your eye doctor could guide you in choosing the right pair for yourself and your children.

Other important eye safety tips:-

Apart from advising your children to wear sunglasses, you could take other measures to ensure more safety from the harmful UV rays:

  • Wearing sun hats: Prolonged exposure to UV rays increases the risk of eyelid cancer. Although UV sunglasses protect the eyes, they do not sufficiently cover the skin surrounding the eyes. You could encourage your little ones to wear sun hats for an extra cover.

  • Drinking plenty of water: Another very important precaution would be to urge your children to drink plenty of water. Tears can evaporate quicker than usual in the sun, leading to a feeling of grittiness or even dry eyes. Drinking water is a good habit that would keep the eyes hydrated.

Schedule an eye checkup for you and your family

You can now consult with one of the best eye doctors in Kolkata at Disha Eye Hospitals if you’re interested in planning an eye safety routine for yourself and your children. Schedule an appointment online at http://www.dishaeye.org/organic/.