Eye is one of the most complex organs of the human body and eyesight is among the most valuable assets that we have. It’s because of the eye that we could see and experience the world around us. However, common eye disorders can cause great inconvenience and in severe cases, cause vision loss. And that is why it’s so important to take care of our eyes.
Many of the eye disorders have early symptoms, and many don’t. People often fail to identify these symptoms and tend to ignore them initially. But an early diagnosis can help you save the most precious gift of vision that you have.
Here we have discussed 16 common eye disorders and their symptoms to help you in early detection:
Glaucoma is caused when the pressure inside your eyes increase, thus damaging your optic nerves. People often inherit this eye condition, and it usually affects them later in their life.
The pressure inside your eye is known as intraocular pressure. An increased intraocular pressure damages the optic nerve that transmits images to your brain. If not detected early, Glaucoma causes permanent vision loss. If you go without treatment, you will lose your vision within a year or two.
You do not experience pain, and it’s very difficult to detect the early symptoms of Glaucoma. However, if you experience any of the following symptoms, consult an eye specialist immediately:
- Redness of eye
- Seeing halos around lights
- Nausea or vomiting
- Vision loss
- Eye that looks hazy (especially in infants)
- Pain in the Eye
- Tunnel vision
Detecting glaucoma early is one of the reasons why you should have a complete eye check-up every 1-2 years. If you want to undergo Glaucoma Treatment in Kolkata, then book an appointment with our eye specialist today. Disha Eye Hospital is one of the leading eye hospitals in Kolkata. Visit http://www.dishaeye.org/contact-us today.
In simple words, Astigmatism is the condition when your eyes are not completely round. All of us have this condition up to a certain degree, but that doesn’t interfere with our vision. However, in some people, this condition is a bit severe. In such cases, the light that falls on the eye doesn’t bend properly causing blurry or wavy vision. This condition can be easily treated with a simple eye surgery or by using glasses and contact lenses.
People are mostly born with this condition; however, eye injury, disease, or any eye surgery can also cause Astigmatism. Look for these common symptoms to detect Astigmatism:
- Blurry vision
- Eye fatigue or eye strain
It’s the condition when the natural lens of your eyes, located behind the Iris and the Pupil, becomes cloudy. People over 40 are susceptible to this condition. And this is also one of the most common causes of blindness in the world. The types of Cataract include:
- Subcapsular cataract: it occurs at the back of the eye lens. People with diabetes are at a greater risk of developing it.
- Nuclear cataract: it affects the nucleus of the lens. This type of cataract is associated with ageing.
- Cortical cataract: this is characterised by white, wedge-like opacities starting in the periphery of the eye lens and move towards the centre. It mainly occurs in the lens cortex surrounding the central nucleus.
Check for these early signs of Cataract:
- Cloudy vision
- Double vision
- Problem with glare at night (glare from light sources) and daytime.
- Unclear vision with glasses and contact lenses
4. Corneal Abrasion
It happens quite often when dirt or sand gets trapped in your eye. As you rub your eyes to get rid of it, the dust particle causes a scratch on your eye. This condition is called Corneal Abrasion. You experience pain in your eye and a burning or stinging sensation.
The symptoms are:
- you feel like you have sand or dirt stuck in your eye
- Pain in eye, especially when you open or close it
- Redness of eyes and teary eyes
- Light sensitivity
- Blurred vision
Rubbing your eyes too hard, poking it with nails or other objects, wearing dirty contact lenses can cause Corneal Abrasion.
5. Dry Eyes
This is a very common condition and occurs when the tears cannot lubricate your eyes properly. There are a number of reasons for inadequate production of tears. For instance, dry eyes may occur if the tear production is not enough.
This condition is very uncomfortable. You will experience stinging or burning sensation in eyes.
Signs and symptoms include:
- A stinging or burning sensation in the eyes
- Scratchiness in your eyes
- A sensation that there is something in your eyes
- Difficulty in wearing contact lenses
- Mucus formation in or around the eyes
- Light sensitivity
- Redness on eye
- Blurred vision
- Eye fatigue
- Difficulty in night-time vision especially while driving
- Watery eyes, (body’s response to the irritation of your eyes)
6. Subconjunctival Haemorrhage
This condition occurs when a tiny blood vessel breaks just below the conjunctiva of your eye. The conjunctiva cannot absorb blood. This causes the blood to be trapped underneath it.
A subconjunctival haemorrhage often occurs without causing any serious harm to your eyes. A strong sneeze or a bout of a cough can even cause haemorrhage of blood vessels in your eyes. The initial symptoms might worry you, but this condition is usually harmless condition and disappears within a week or two.
- The most obvious sign of a subconjunctival haemorrhage is a red patch on the white part of your eyes.
- It doesn’t hamper your vision and causes no pain or discharge. However, you might experience a slight discomfort or a scratchy feeling on the surface of your eye.
- If you experience recurrent subconjunctival haemorrhages, then talk to the doctor immediately.
7. Retinal Detachment
This is a serious eye condition. It occurs when your retina located at the back of your eye detaches from the tissue around it. The Retina processes light and a damaged Retina may cause permanent vision loss if it isn’t treated right away.
You are at risk if you are severely nearsighted or have a family history of retinal detachment.
A detached retina doesn’t hurt and often has no warning symptoms. However, you might notice the following changes:
- Seeing lots of floaters (small floating thread-like structures in front of your eyes)
- Flashes of light
- A poor peripheral or side vision
- The doctor may suggest Laser, Cryopexy or Pneumatic Retinopexy for treating the damaged Retina.
8. Diabetic Retinopathy
The high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels present in the retina. These blood vessels swell or leak and stop blood from passing through. This can cause vision loss.
There are two stages of Diabetic Retinopathy:
- NPDR (non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy)
- Here, the tiny blood vessels leak causing swelling of Retina.
- PDR (proliferative diabetic retinopathy)
This is a more advanced stage and happens when the new blood vessels grow in the retina. This is called neovascularization. These new vessels often bleed and block your vision.
The symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy include
- seeing too many floaters
- a blurred vision
- washed out colours
- poor night vision
- changes in vision from blurry to clear
- seeing dark areas in the field of vision
9. Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
This is the deterioration of the macula, the central area of the retina that controls visual acuity.
Symptoms of Age-related Macular Degeneration include:
- Loss of visual acuity
- Loss of contrast sensitivity
- Seeing images distorted in the centre
AMD is of two types, Dry AMD and Wet AMD. Dry AMD is more common and is the initial stage of the condition while Wet AMD is typically worse and is a much-advanced stage of the condition.
Uveitis is a broad term and covers a number of eye problems. The condition mainly affects the Uvea, a part of your eye. It encompasses eye inflammation and swelling that destroys the tissues in your eye causing poor vision or blindness.
Types of Uveitis include:
- Anterior uveitis: this affects the front part of your eye.
- Intermediate uveitis: this affects the ciliary body.
- Posterior uveitis: this affects the back of your eye.
The warning signs include:
- Redness of eye
- Blurry vision
- Light sensitivity
- Seeing floaters in your vision
Hyphema is the condition when blood gets accumulated in the front part of your eye. The blood mainly collects between the Cornea and the Iris. This condition occurs when an injury (such as a sharp blow) tears the blood vessels. The less harmful case of the broken blood vessel is called subconjunctival haemorrhage while Hyphema is very painful and can also cause serious vision and eye problems such as Glaucoma or Corneal damage.
Symptoms of Hyphema include:
- bleeding in the front of the eye
- sensitivity to light
- pain in the eye
- blurry or blocked vision
12. Central Retinal Vascular Occlusion (CRVO)
The retina of your eye contains one main artery and one main vein. When the vein of the retina is blocked, the condition is called Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO).
With a blocked vein, the blood and fluid spill out into the retina causing swelling of the macula, thus affecting your central vision.
Symptoms of CRVO include:
- Vision loss or blurry vision (in one part or all of the eye)
- Gradual worsening of vision (over several hours or days)
- Complete loss of vision
- Seeing floaters, dark spots or lines in your vision.
- Pain and pressure in the affected eye
This is a painful condition where the white part of the eye (called Sclera) swells. The tissues of the sclera constitute the protective outer layer of your eye. It makes up 83% of your eye’s surface.
In most of all cases, scleritis is associated with other autoimmune disorder such as rheumatoid arthritis. The two types of scleritis are Anterior and Posterior Scleritis.
The symptoms include:
Severe pain and tenderness in the eye.
This pain often extends to other regions of the face such as the jaw, face, or part of head at the affected side.
Blurred vision and tearing
Extreme sensitivity to light
Partial or complete loss of vision (in some cases)
14. Hypertensive Retinopathy
This condition is caused by extremely high blood pressure levels. High blood pressure results in swelling of the blood vessels in the Retina, causing them to narrow down, thus blocking blood flow to the retina.
You won’t experience any major symptoms until the condition has aggravated. Possible symptoms include:
Swelling of the eye
bursting of a blood vessel
double vision along with headaches
If your eyes are not aligned properly, and both the eyes look at different direction, this condition is called Strabismus or crossed eyes. Some are born with it (Congenital Strabismus); however, adults may also develop this due to the problem in the nervous that controls your eyes.
This condition leads to double vision, problems in peripheral vision. Surgery is an option for correcting this condition.
16. Corneal Ulcer
This is an open sore in the Cornea and is mainly caused by viral, fungal or bacterial infection, dryness of eye, scratches or tear in the Cornea. People who wear contact lenses are at greater risk of developing Corneal Ulcer.
Symptoms of Corneal Ulcer include:
- Redness of eye and pain
- Pus or thick discharge from eye
- Blurred vision
- Swollen eyelids
- White round spot on the cornea
How we May Help You?
From two decades, Dish Eye Hospital has been a leading name in providing quality treatment at affordable prices. Our experienced and qualified team of Eye specialists are among the best teams in Kolkata and have been relentlessly serving the people. Reach to our specialist for any eye-related issue.