How to manage a case after removing the eyeball?
After removal of eyeball, the lost volume should be replaced with an orbital implant. On top of which, a perfectly matched artificial eye wins a good cosmetic benefit.
What is DCR?
DCR or dacryocystorhinostomy is a surgery performed to create a new channel between the eye and nasal cavity, designed to drain tears.
What should be the ideal timing for ptosis surgery in a child?
When you find the drooping eyelid covering half or more part of the cornea, or the child has started to develop vision deficit, you will have to take advice from an eye specialist regarding immediate surgery.
How important is entropion/ectropion/trichiasis correction?
All these conditions are capable of damaging the cornea and thereby vision. Immediate attention must be given to these problems.
WHAT IS STRABISMUS?
Strabismus is a misalignment of the eyes, commonly referred to as “squint.”
What causes vision loss?
Loss of vision is caused by two conditions:
Diabetic Macular Edema: The weakened blood vessels leak and accumulate fluid in the retina which causes swelling and exudation in the macula of the retina causing loss of vision.
Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR): Due to the weakening of the blood vessels, new abnormal blood vessels grow resulting in bleeding in the vitreous. Vitreous is a jelly-like substance in front of the retina. A severe vision loss occurs due to the bleeding in the vitreous.
How long will the condition last?
The condition may prevail for several years. It varies in its severity and can be quite unpredictable in its course. The main concern of the treatment is to thoroughly treat and monitor the inflammation so that minimal or no damage is caused to the eyes.
What are the causes of Uvea?
Uvea can occur due to the following:
1.) Autoimmune and inflammatory conditions
2.) Viral, bacterial or parasitic infections
What is the prognosis?
Anterior uvea usually has a good prognosis. There is always a risk of repeated attacks in the future.
Posterior uvea involving central retina can impair visual loss permanently.
Glaucoma due to uvea is difficult to treat and may cause permanent visual loss.
Cataract surgery in uvea may have good results if adequate measures are taken.
What are the different types of Uvea?
Anterior Uvea- affects the front of the eye, normally the iris (iritis) or the ciliary body (iridocyclitis). Iritis needs quite close monitoring because complications such as raised eye pressure and cataracts could occur.
Intermediate Uvea- affects the middle of the eye, the ciliary body (cyclitis) or the pars plana (pars planitis). This could also cause floaters.
Posterior Uvea- affects the back of the eye, the part of the uvea is called the choroid. An inflammation in the choroid is called choroiditis. The inflammation may also arise in, or affect, the retina (retinitis) or the blood vessels at the back of the eye (vasculitis).