Phaco or Phacoemulsification is a technique used for cataract surgery. In this surgery the surgeon makes a very small incision (3mm) through which he inserts an ultrasonic probe. This probe breaks the cataract lens into tiny pieces by ultrasonic waves. The tiny pieces of lens are simultaneously suctioned out from the eye. Once the cataract lens is cleared from the eye an IOL is inserted through the incision.
The advantages of Phacoemulsification are: